مطالب مرتبط با کلید واژه " Corruption "


۱.

The Effect of Corruption on Shadow Economy: An Empirical Analysis Based on Panel Data

کلید واژه ها: Shadow EconomyCorruptionStatic Panel Regression ModelsDynamic Panel Regression Models

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲۱۱
Quite often shadow economy (SE) and corruption are seen as ""twins"", which need each other or fight against each other and theoretically can be either complements or substitutes. Therefore, the relationship between SE and corruption has been a controversial and polemical issue and in the spotlight of a remarkable collection of economists and social researchers. The main objective of this study can be served as an investigation and identification of the effect of corruption on SE and its dependence on the level of development. To test our two hypothesis , the econometric panel-data approach is employed for the period of 1999 to 2007 in two blocks of 25 countries containing high-developed and developing countries (including I.R.IRAN) under deferent indexes for corruption in the context of Static and Dynamic panel regression models(by using of 2SLS and GMM methods of estimation). The results of estimations specially based on dynamic panel models indicate that our two hypotheses cannot be rejected and corruption has a significant effect on SE depending on the level of development. Despite of these findings, our results show that there is no robust relationship between corruption and the size of the SE in terms of the sign and the nature of these effects. In other words, the relationship will vary according to different corruption indexes and estimation methods. Other findings have been described in the terminal sector of paper.
۲.

Social Media and Politics: Examining Indonesians’ Political Knowledge on Facebook

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: CorruptionFacebooksocial mediapolitical discussionpolitical knowledgeIndonesia

حوزه های تخصصی:
  1. حوزه‌های تخصصی علوم اجتماعی ارتباطات ارتباطات سیاسی، بین الملل و توسعه
  2. حوزه‌های تخصصی علوم اجتماعی ارتباطات مطالعات فضای مجازی، جهانی شدن و تکنولوژی های نوین ارتباطاتی مطالعات فضای مجازی
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۵ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۹
The Internet and social media have played a significant role in contemporary political sphere of Indonesia. In particular, they have been widely used for political activism and discussion; but whether the discussions are constructive is another issue. Constructive political discussion requires several preconditions; one of the most important requirements is rational reasoning. Citizens must be equipped with some degree of political knowledge and competency to provide reasonable arguments and justifications in discussions. The primary objective of this paper is to examine the level of political knowledge of Indonesian Facebookers regarding corruption which is currently a serious issue in Indonesia. An online survey was conducted among the most active users of an anti-corruption Facebook group of Indonesians. The results of the study generally suggested that the participants were well informed about the current affairs of their society and showed a high level of political knowledge in terms of the Corruption Eradication Commission and also the incumbent politicians; however, the results indicated a low level of knowledge regarding laws and regulations surrounding corruption as well as the issues related to the former politicians.