مطالب مرتبط با کلید واژه

Imam Khomeini


۱.

Justice as "Adjustment" An Introduction to Imam Khomeini's Theory of National and International Justice

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۵۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۱۹
Justice is the main Principle for macking a safe National/ International order. Because of it, author in this article identify and analyze different dimensions of Justice order. For this, author analyzed Two approaches – according Imam Khomeini's point of wieve: National order & Justice; and International order & Justice. At the first stage, this theory is baised on Adjustment of relation between Government & Citizens. In the Second Stage, is baised on Adjustment between States according Law and Power. Therefore, author shows us a new theory of International/ National Order which is baised on Adjustment – not power.
۲.

Religion and Democracy in Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Khamenei's Thoughts

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۷۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸۳
The idea of religious democracy as emerging from the thinking style of leaders of the Islamic republic, is going to create an ideal relationship between democracy and religion. The present paper will explain the religious democracy in the ideologies of leaders of the Islamic republic of Iran (Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Khamenei), within three theoretical, principles and components of religious democracy, and practical realization principles of religious democracy areas. In the thoughts of Imam Khomeini and ayatollah Khamenei there is a firm link between religion and politics, and democracy originates from religion. Since democracy is in the length of God's leadership, and people have chosen religion as their democracy framework, the link between Islam and democracy materializes. The leaders of the Islamic republic believe in human dignity and in the role of public participation of all men and women in realization of democracy. For them, participation in elections and political issues is both, a right, and an obligation. Thus, it can be claimed that elections have a key position in the realization of democracy. In fact, even the protector of the Islamic juristics who in the thought of Shiism and during the absence of Imam Zaman is in charge of religious affairs is elected through the votes of the Constituent Assembly (who are elected by people). Therefore, in the thoughts of leaders of the Islamic republic there is a link between the components and bases of Islam and democracy.
۳.

Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence of Foreign Policy in Imam Khomeini’s Thought

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۲ تعداد دانلود : ۱۵۶
Imam Khomeini’s political thought as the architect of the Islamic revolution had a great influence on the formation of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s foreign policy. What exists of his political thought also, is not out of the framework determined by Islam, a great part of which can be discussed within Shiites canon law. The main question in the present research is about the religious foundations of Imam’s political thought, the most important of which consists of “denial of domination of unbelievers upon believers”, “the principle of convocation to jihad”, “the principle of religious esteem”, and “commitment to international treaties” which will be discussed in this research.
۴.

The Muslim Revivalist Movements: The Role of Imam Khomeini in its Development and Continuity

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۴۸ تعداد دانلود : ۲۳۳
The universality of Islamic teaching in fulfilling the needs of human life and managing human society have always been an interest of religious scholars and researchers. In this regard, preservation and expansion of Islam has preoccupied Ulama’s mind throughout the history. For this reason, the revival of Islamic values and thoughts has been recognized as a crucial issue for and a heavy burden on Muslim’s scholars. Imam Khomeini has achieved successes in continuance of the movement of religious revivalism, that other Islamic reformists have achieved less. Imam Khomeini is one of significant revivalists who led the Islamic revolution in Iran and consequently brought about changes in Muslim society and civilization. He proved that dignity and civilization of Muslims can be restored in the light of Islamic doctrine and its transcendental values. In this article, the researcher first attempts to discuss the concept of revivalism and its application in Islamic culture and the activities of some of contemporary Muslim revivalists comparatively. Finally, distinctive features of Imam Khomeini’s revivalism will be examined.
۵.

Anti-Arrogance and Support of Oppressed across the World in Imam Khomeini’s Foreign Policy Thoughts Emphasizing on the Semantics of Suppression and Arrogance in Almizan Interpretation

تعداد بازدید : ۲۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۳۲۰
In this paper, it will be tried to explain the Quranic documents about anti-arrogance and support of Oppressed across the world according to Almizan interpretation, employing the text-based interpretation. Then it will be shown that these two principles have been focused and revived by Imam Khomeini. In fact it will be proved that Imam Khomeini has attempted to review the concepts of anti-arrogance and support of Oppressed across the world inspiring by the holy Quran, and has established them as two columns of his internal and foreign policy. Meanwhile it will be tried to study the concepts of anti-arrogance and support of Oppressed, their dimensions, their types, and their components according to Imam Khomeini’s viewpoint to show that the Quranic concept of anti-arrogance and support of Oppressed across the world is among the key components of his thoughts in the direction of realization of the universal government of Islam.
۶.

Velayat-e Faqih in Political Thought of Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Javadi Amoli

تعداد بازدید : ۲۰۲ تعداد دانلود : ۷۴
Being dealt with now, the need for the presence of a leader and a jurisprudent who is wise and righteous is being felt a lot, and this question has been asked and some scho-lars have examined the cause of the need for the jurisprudent and the velayat-e faqih. Regarding this, Imam Khomeini's thoughts as the first person who presented the abso-lute velayat-e faqih has a special place and Ayatollah Javadi Amoli as one of Imam Khomeini's students who continued the views of Imam Khomeini on velayat-e faqih. This research has been conducted in the form of documentary and library reviews and has examined the views and thoughts of these two great Islamic scholars in the field of velayat-e faqih and the need for the presence of the province in society.
۷.

Capacities of Transcendent Philosophy in the dludidadidd dd rrao’s oeoo luoioo

تعداد بازدید : ۲۲ تعداد دانلود : ۳۶
Iran’s Revolution has been to date analyzed with a variety of theories, but the gap in the presentation of a native theory for its analysis has been always felt. Given the significance of this subject, the present paper attempts to shed some light on the capacities and position of transcendent philosophy in the analysis of the Islamic Revolution of Iran. In doing so, an attempt was made to theoretically assess the capacity of transcendent philosophy and its impact on the Islamic Revolution, as well as reviewing the literature and background of the subject matter and certain cultural theories regarding the Islamic Revolution of Iran and their deficiencies in the elucidation of this phenomenon. As with existentialism, the gradation of existence, the substantial motion, as well as the special look of this school at human being and society, the theoretical dimensions of the transcendent philosophy has given rise to a critical perspective on the status quo. Additionally, a comprehensive perspective on philosophical, jurisprudential, mystical, sociological, etc. dimensions has been stressed, which paves the way for the analysis of the Islamic Revolution.
۸.

Imam Khomeini’s Approach to Political Struggle

تعداد بازدید : ۳۰ تعداد دانلود : ۴۰
The developments in the contemporary world, particularly the revolutions, coups and wars, have led to development of many theories about social movements. One of the methods used in social movements to bring about sociopolitical change is nonviolence. Nonviolent method of struggle was theorized by Gene Sharp, who collected and introduced 198 methods of nonviolent actions, protest and persuasion. The present paper is an attempt to study Imam Khomeini’s approach to political struggle against the Shah’s regime. The focus of this paper is analysis of methods used by Imam Khomeini in his struggles until the victory of the Islamic Revolution. The main question of this paper is: What was Imam Khomeini’s approach to violence and nonviolence in his political struggles against the Shah’s regime? The hypothesis formulated based on the above question is as follows: In Imam Khomeini’s approach, ends do not justify the means, hence, he used many nonviolent methods and did not preach or use violence in the course of his struggles. Documental method has been employed for the purpose of this research. The Findings of this paper indicate that Imam Khomeini’s approach to political struggle was nonviolent and based on Islamic teachings, mainly employing "persuasion" and "nonviolent protests." The findings also indicate that these techniques are among the 198 techniques collected by Gene Sharp.
۹.

Imam Khomeini’s Leadership, a Rejection of the Theory of Charismatic Leadership

تعداد بازدید : ۴۱ تعداد دانلود : ۴۰
Many local and foreign theorists and authorities have tried to present a theoretical elaboration of the nature of Imam Khomeini’s leadership and its profound impact. Therefore, the basic question of this research foresees this fact ‘What kind of interactions has existed between Imam Khomeini’s personality and leadership method and the observation of human dignity?’ Was this method of leadership and its immense influence on the basis of the rejected model of charismatic leadership and can it be interpreted on this basis? The findings of this research, based on the analytical-documental method indicate the complete interaction of Imam Khomeini’s character and leadership method, with the theme of human dignity and specifies that the Imam-as the highest symbol of human dignity and particularly a perfect human being and in the position of an educated, pure and dynamic religious authority in the lap of the high Islamic and Shiite teachings during his life and periods of leadership-had a special and inexpressible attention to the subject of human dignities and basically one of the reasons for the immense influence of his leadership are attributed precisely to this fact. Attempts have also been made concerning the incompatible aspects of the charismatic leadership with human dignities and demonstrating the lack of conjunction of this model with the Imam’s leadership style, as another document to be presented in support of quest for dignity and dignity-centered attitudes of his character and leadership. Indeed, the Imam was the symbol of dignity and the perfect divine human being and for this reason, he left his profound impact on the peoples’ opinion and the majority of Muslims, the impact that has not become routine and afflicted with any defect.
۱۰.

Examining the Duties of the Islamic State to Enforce Social Justice From Imam Khomeini's Perspective

تعداد بازدید : ۴۷ تعداد دانلود : ۳۰
Justice is a concept that has always been of interest to scientists and thinkers. In the Holy Quran, one of the primary purposes of sending prophets is to establish justice among the people. Achieving this great goal is the duty of governments, but it has always faced many obstacles and problems. Imam Khomeini, as a scholar of Islam and justice Seeker, with a deep understanding of the importance of justice in the Qur'an and Sunnah and the fact that many of the problems and difficulties of the society are rooted in the disbelief or confrontation of the rulers with justice has been commented on many times. This research has been done descriptively and analytically, and its findings indicate that, according to Imam Khomeini, the Islamic government is responsible for eliminating oppression, discrimination, and justice in society and should prioritize this issue and Work through practical solutions to achieve this. He points to some of the essential topics and tasks of the Islamic State in this regard, such as self-sufficiency and independence by eliminating colonial domination, emphasizing internal forces and facilities with public participation, fair distribution of wealth for the benefit of the deprived. In the face of the income and class gap, while considering the criterion of valuing science and piety, establishing equality in all dimensions, including against the law, in elections, in having cultural, political, and economic opportunities, abandoning hereditary, racial, aristocratic and similar privileges.
۱۱.

Cultural problems of the Muslim world and their solutions according to Imam Khomeini

تعداد بازدید : ۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۴۸
Cognition of Countries backwardness especially developing countries is the subject of research and interest of many of thinkers from decade 1970 until now. Although most of Islam world countries are among the above group but a little researches are concerned especially on cultural challenges in these countries. Cultural crisis is including fundamental problems of Islam world that is of complicated dimensions and needs to more attention of Muslim thinkers. According to the intellectual, jurisprudential position and leadership of Imam Khomeini in Islam world, investigation of thinks and views of founder of Islamic revolution of Iran about this intellectual challenge assistance to cognition this situation. Purpose of this research is study views of Imam Khomeini about the cultural challenges of Islamic governments using the crisis theory of Thomas A. Spragens. findings of study shows that cultural problems such as Westernization, Separation, self-destruction, spiritual dependence, meaning and identity crisis, political and economic instability, intervention of foreign powers and cultural invasion and so on. A study of Imam's political thought about the cultural problems of the Islamic world shows that in Imam Khomeini's view, Islamic society is facing a cultural crisis. A crisis rooted in emotional dependence and self-destruction on the West. This situation has caused not only the West to colonize and exploit Islamic lands, but also to direct the thoughts and ideas of the Islamic youth in the desired direction. After identifying the crisis and its etiology, the Imam introduces his ideal society.
۱۲.

Imam Khomeini's Strategic Management in the Imposed War

تعداد بازدید : ۳۴ تعداد دانلود : ۳۷
One of the important and fundamental issues that can be raised and used as an effective management model for officials and managers of today's society is to identify and explain the strategic management and strategic thinking of Imam Khomeini during the imposed war. To this end, this study seeks to answer the fundamental question of what are the important managerial characteristics in the Imam's biography and behavior during the imposed war? The research claim emphasizes that Imam Khomeini's managerial characteristics were based on his personal and organizational behavior and behavior based on Islamic values. Also, the purpose of research is to design and explain an efficient model of Imam Khomeini's management strategies and model its behavior for the country's managers. The research findings also show that Imam Khomeini's leadership and management model in the imposed war can be identified and explained in a combined way based on three levels: individual (personality), behavioral and organizational. The research method is descriptive-analytical and the method of extracting information data will be documentary and library.The research findings also show that Imam Khomeini's leadership and management model in the imposed war can be identified and explained in a combined way based on three levels: individual (personality), behavioral and organizational. The research method is descriptive-analytical and the method of extracting information data will be documentary and library.
۱۳.

Imam Khomeini’s approach in The Combination of Tradition and Modernity

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰
Confrontation and contrast between tradition and modernity brings the intellectuals of Muslim communities into different intellectual, social, and political conflicts. Some of those believe that the only way to rescue from the status quo is sinking in the Western culture and its slavish imitation. Some others insist on the traditions of the past, which are mingled with a lot of superstition, and impurities in the path of events and historical developments and need for refinement and revision. Among these attitudes, Imam Khomeini as a prominent scholar and Islamic thinker has a remarkable view that can support both traditional and modern views. He, on the one hand, insists on the original, valuable, and divine teachings like Qur’anic decrees and the Holy Prophet (PBUH) methods through the theory of Velayat-e Faqih and, on the other hand, in encounter with the Western civilization, chooses some parts being in accord with the divine Shari’ah, people’s interests and development of the society and rejected some immoral parts leading to corruption. In this research, my attempt is to answer the questions, what strategy did Imam Khomeini propose to solve the problem? How Imam Khomeini could combine between the tradition and modernity? Which one will be in order of priority in his list, tradition, or modernity? A qualitative research is perfomed to achieve the aim of this research and answer the research questions.
۱۴.

The Causes for Backwardness of Islam World in the Thoughts of Imam Khomeini

تعداد بازدید : ۳۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۷
Understanding the causes of the backwardness of the Muslim World has been the subject of research in the late three decades. Although much research has been done on this subject, cultural causes have been neglected. This is while culture seems to play an important role in the economic and political development of countries. The cultural crisis is one of the fundamental problems of the Islamic world that has been reflected in most of Imam Khomeini's speeches. The purpose of this study is to investigate Imam Khomeini's view on the cultural challenges of Islamic states using the theory of crisis of Thomas A. Spragens. The findings of this article refer to cultural problems such as westernization, division, self-destruction, emotional-spiritual dependence and crisis of meaning and identity, political and economic instability, the intervention of foreign powers, etc.