مطالب مرتبط با کلید واژه " Earthquake "


۱.

Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Among Iranian Children With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

کلید واژه ها: EarthquakePosttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Cognitive -Behavioral Treatment(CBT)Eye movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۶۲ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۳
The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensiti zation and Reprocessing (EMDR) in reducing PTSD symptoms severity among Iranian children 20 months after the 2008 Qeshm earthquake. This study follows an experimental design with randomized pre-test post-test to control the internal and external validity of the study. In this study, 26 students from 7 to 12 years old who received PTSD diagnosis due to earthquake based on the clinical interview were randomly assigned to CBT, EMDR, and wait-list control groups. All the participants completed UCLA-PTSD DSM-IV Index as pre-test and post-test. The respondents in the treatment groups were also required tocomplete The Youth Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (YCSQ). According to the results of ANCOVA, after participating in 8-12 sessions of psychotherapy, the participants of CBT and EMDR groups showed a significant reduction in overall PTSD symptoms compared to the wait-list group between the pre and the post-intervention. Although in comparison to EMDR, CBT was more effective in reduction of PTSD symptoms, the difference was not statistically significant. Post-treatment therapeutic outcomes were maintained during six weeks follow-up; however, the effects of EMDR were improved during this period. The results also showed no significant difference between the respondents' satisfaction from CBT and EMDR. Both CBT and EMDR appeared to be feasible and acceptable to PTSD children survived from natural disasters.
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Proposing a Model for the Design of Post-Disaster Temporary Housing Based on the Needs of the Injured with Post-Implementation Evaluation Approach (Case Study: Earthquake-Stricken Villages in Heris of East Azerbaijan)

کلید واژه ها: DesignpatternEarthquaketemporary housingearthquake-stricken villages of HerisEast Azerbaijan

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۷۷ تعداد دانلود : ۶۵
Purpose: This study aimed to design a temporary housing pattern tailored to the needs of the injured after a natural disaster. Design/methodology/approach: This study had an applied objective and employed a descriptive-analytical method with an approach to survey and post-implementation evaluation. The criteria for temporary accommodation design were collected through library research and the victims’ satisfaction of these criteria was considered through field research. The criteria included socio-cultural, physical-functional and technical-structural elements. Field research was carried out in 10 villages of Heris County, East Azerbaijan, which were destroyed completely by earthquake in 2012. Field research was conducted through user-oriented procedures of questionnaires, interviews and field observations. In total, the criteria were evaluated in separate tables based on the Likert spectrum. Findings: The results indicated that the victims were dissatisfied with temporary resettlement after the earthquake in all three criteria. Research limitations/implications: The main limitation of this study was the high cost of numerous visits to villages and low willingness of their inhabitants to cooperate with interviewers and answer the questions for various reasons. Practical implications: Improvement strategies were proposed to enhance the quality temporary housing through organized interviews with the injured. Suggestions made by experts led to proposing some improvement strategies as well. Finally, the design of the temporary housing model was put forward in accordance with these solutions. Originality/value: This article initiated an innovative design of temporary housing which was tailored to the needs of those who had experienced the disaster based on their perceptions, not merely based on existing theoretical foundations.