The structure of governments in the West Asian region, which is part of the civilization of the Islamic world, faces major challenges in governance, and due to the fundamental differences between Islamic political thought and Western humanist political thought, Islamic countries are well on their way. They do not adopt regional governance. Meanwhile, the geopolitical region of Southwest Asia and the countries bordering the Persian Gulf are no exception.In the years leading up to 2020, for example, the geopolitical region of Southwest Asia has undergone many changes due to some geopolitical factors, such as the efforts of some Arab countries to form a pregnant Arab military coalition. The mentioned Arab military coalition, which is planned and pursued under the influence of geopolitical issues in the region, can be evaluated and analyzed by looking at the position of the three components of nation, nationality and identity in Islam, a process that is influenced by world developments. Modern has been adopted and is indifferent to the past history of the Islamic world and the basic concepts of this religion.The present study believes that although the concepts in Islamic political thought and its religious teachings provide ideal opportunities for the production and maintenance of security, the strong influence of the Islamic world on Western political thought does not allow for such decisions. The security situation in the geopolitical region of Southwest Asia has deprived it of permanent stability and security.
The Nowruz speeches of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution are considered as drawing the lines of the country's one-year plans in line with long-term policies and macro-goals of the system. Therefore, paying attention to these statements and their scientific analysis to identify problems and provide practical solutions to overcome them, it seems necessary. The purpose of this article is to analyze the content of the speeches of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution between 2016- 2020 and to answer the main question of what axes and categories the Supreme Leader has focused and emphasized in his speeches at the beginning of each year. What are the problems and difficulties mentioned? The research method used is quantitative and qualitative content analysis. In this method, the basic axes hidden in the text, the relationship between the categories as well as the time conditions or in other words, the conceptual model of each lecture have been extracted. The research findings show that during the five years in question, the main focus of leadership discussions in the opening speech of each year was economic issues and the Supreme Leader of the Revolution has always emphasized the issue of economics and in particular the "resistance economy" approach. In addition to the resistance economy, the Supreme Leader also stressed the main issue of Iran's foreign policy, namely Borjam, and the need for hostility, especially regarding how to interact with the United States and Europe.
Cognition of Countries backwardness especially developing countries is the subject of research and interest of many of thinkers from decade 1970 until now. Although most of Islam world countries are among the above group but a little researches are concerned especially on cultural challenges in these countries. Cultural crisis is including fundamental problems of Islam world that is of complicated dimensions and needs to more attention of Muslim thinkers. According to the intellectual, jurisprudential position and leadership of Imam Khomeini in Islam world, investigation of thinks and views of founder of Islamic revolution of Iran about this intellectual challenge assistance to cognition this situation. Purpose of this research is study views of Imam Khomeini about the cultural challenges of Islamic governments using the crisis theory of Thomas A. Spragens. findings of study shows that cultural problems such as Westernization, Separation, self-destruction, spiritual dependence, meaning and identity crisis, political and economic instability, intervention of foreign powers and cultural invasion and so on. A study of Imam's political thought about the cultural problems of the Islamic world shows that in Imam Khomeini's view, Islamic society is facing a cultural crisis. A crisis rooted in emotional dependence and self-destruction on the West. This situation has caused not only the West to colonize and exploit Islamic lands, but also to direct the thoughts and ideas of the Islamic youth in the desired direction. After identifying the crisis and its etiology, the Imam introduces his ideal society.
The subject of resistance mainly brings to mind the "Islamic Resistance Front" in the West Asian region. However, the Resistance Front is only a part of the resistance discourse. The purpose of this article is to explain the theory and experience of the resistance as a discourse. Resistance in the political thought and action of the Supreme Leader is a discourse rooted in the Qur'an, the history of Islam, Iran and especially the first four decades of the Islamic Revolution. According to these religious, historical and political principles, the discourse of resistance is the guiding role of the Islamic Revolution in step The second plays the Islamic Revolution. Resistance is a comprehensive discourse that includes various areas of domestic and foreign policy of the Islamic Republic. In this article, the roots, levels and function of the resistance discourse are explained based on the statements of the Supreme Leader and especially the supreme document of the second step of the Islamic Revolution. The data of this research have been extracted from the first category sources including the statements of the Supreme Leader and the latest sources and have been processed by descriptive-analytical method. Keywords: Resistance Discourse, Second Step Statement, Islamic Revolution, Supreme Leader, Dominance System
The Islamic Revolution of Iran is the producer of a fundamentally different system from other systems in the world. While the Islamic Revolution has begun to move in the second phase, explaining the nature of the revolutionary government and studying its status in the current situation is necessary. To achieve this, we should focus on the intellectual thinking of the leadership as a guide for continuing this process. The purpose of the present study is to realize this critical question and answer the fundamental question of the nature of the revolutionary government and the situation it exists? And is it possible to preserve it? The results are obtained by qualitative content analysis method, focusing on the intellectual thinking of the Supreme Leader. The results indicated, with qualitative content analysis and concentrate on the leadership thought system, the nature of the revolutionary government is monotheistic and in historical and comparative approach has similarities with the community in the Prophet era at the beginning of the formation and continuation of the path. However, in the current situation, despite moving forward, it has been exposed to reactionary damage; to prevent the occurrence of restitution, it must protect its nature by educating a revolutionary man.
Researchers use various political science and international relations theories with modifications to analyze Hashemi's foreign policy in the period 1368-1376. Most writers believe Hashemi's foreign policy was realistic according to materialist and rationalist theories, and the power-ideology equation changed in favor of power during this period. Others, using liberal-capitalist approaches, argue that Hashemi's government tended to converge with international economic and financial institutions and organizations. However, the above research vacuum is ignoring the government and society identity components in this period and its impact on foreign policy. The identity of political actors has a decisive effect on their behavior in the international arena; therefore, the identity of the Islamic Republic of Iran has been an influential factor in the foreign policy of this country. With the descriptive-analytical method, the present study aimed to examine the effect of identity ideals on Hashemi's foreign policy. The hypothesis of this research is: Hashemi's policy-making and foreign policy orientation are influenced by the identity components of the domestic executive political elites and the dominance of the Westernist identity discourse over the international system after the collapse of the Soviet Union.