Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

ranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 4, Number 2 (2021) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

The Role of Political Actors in the Process of Brain Rotation in the Educational System and Model Presentation(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۵۴
Purpose: The aim of this study was the role of political actors in the process of brain rotation in the educational system and model presentation. Methodology: In terms of nature and purpose, the present study was in the field of applied research, which was the role of political actors in the process of brain rotation in the educational system and model presentation. In this research, a quantitative research method was used. The statistical population includes all experts who have researched in the field of education, politics and sociology during the years 2019-2020 in North Khorasan province, including 522 people. Sampling method was selected through stratified proportional sampling in terms of region and using trained questionnaires, data were collected in person and the sampling volume using Krejcie and Morgan (1977) table was 192 people were selected. Data collection methods in this study were divided into two categories: library and field. In this study, an expert questionnaire was used to collect research data. In order to estimate the validity of the questionnaire, after calculating the CVR, the number 0.62 was obtained, so it was found that all the questions of the questionnaire had the necessary validity. Findings: In the model obtained in the present study, priority consists of 3 dimensions, 13 components and 52 indicators, respectively. Dimensions of research Developing a model of human resource training based on the rotation of brains in the educational system and presenting a model that is considered and deals with the main structure of the research to achieve the desired result and what was the motive and causes and effects of the components of this elite movement process. . These dimensions are: 1- Effects of pattern on elite migration 2- Factors of elite migration 3- Motivation of model providers to intervene in elite migration. Conclusion: The fact that the departure of elites from the cycle of service to society is a universal issue, in other words, this issue is not specific to a country or a group of countries. Today, developed and developing countries are grappling with this issue, but studies have shown important developments in this regard, in other words, traditionally selected people and the emergence of developing countries to the country. Developed countries migrated, but today, we are witnessing a wave of migration from developed countries to developing countries.
۲.

Modeling the Structural Equations of Mode Metacognition with a Tendency to Cyberspace Mediated by Self-efficacy in Gifted Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۹۶ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine the structural relationships between mode metacognition and cyberspace with self-efficacy mediation in gifted students in Ghaemshahr, Babol, and Sari. There is a structure. Methodology: The method was correlation using structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the study consisted of all 1000 gifted female high school students in three grades (first, second and third) of Ghaemshahr, Babol and Sari cities. For each observed variable (18 variables observed in the model), and considering the possibility of incomplete questionnaires, 350 people were selected as the sample size by census method. جعفری & Kalantari (2016) cyberspace questionnaire, Morris (2001) self-efficacy questionnaire and Onil & Abedi (1996) mode metacognition questionnaire were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 and AMOS 23 software. Findings: The results show that mode metacognition has a direct effect on the tendency of cyberspace in gifted students of Ghaemshahr, Babol and Sari. Conclusions: Therefore, those who have learned poor cognitive adjustment strategies may be more susceptible to using high-risk behaviors as a means of alleviating negative cognition than others.
۳.

Identify the Effective Factors and Consequences of Influencers' Behavior in Social Media Marketing(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۷ تعداد دانلود : ۷۷
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effective factors and consequences of influencers' behavior in social media marketing. Methodology: The present study was applied in terms of purpose and in terms of data collection was a mixed research (qualitative-quantitative). The statistical community included academic experts and social media marketing experts in the qualitative section and all Instagram users in the quantitative section. The sample size was estimated in the qualitative part with theoretical saturation (20 people) and in the quantitative part based on Cochran's formula 384 people. Purposeful sampling was used to select the sample in the qualitative part and stratified random sampling was used in the quantitative part. Data collection tools were qualitative, interview and quantitative, researcher-made questionnaire based on a 5-item scale. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed in terms of form and content by several experts, the validity was confirmed by the calculation of the slope and the validity was confirmed by the calculation of the square root of the AVE. The reliability of the questionnaire through Cronbach's alpha for the whole questionnaire was 0.86. Structural equation tests Using LISREL and SPSS software was used to analyze the data. Findings: The results identified 10 components and 63 indicators that 4 components influencing the behavior of influencers in social media marketing including influencer attitude, influencer identity, personal branding and important social events and 6 components of the consequences of influencer behavior in marketing Social media included influencer loyalty, follower persuasion, lifestyle, advertising effectiveness, follower awareness, and entrepreneurship. Conclusion: The results showed that 7 components were considered as factors in the behavior of influencers on Instagram, including attractiveness, reliability, content, reputation, expertise, credibility and nationality of the influencer.
۴.

Developing a Model for Effective Factors of Creativity in Elementary School Students: A Mixed Method(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۰ تعداد دانلود : ۸۰
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to develop a model of factors affecting students' creativity and to evaluate its validity. Methodology: The research design was an exploratory (qualitative-quantitative) mix. In the qualitative part of the target population, all teachers of the sixth grade of elementary school in the 5th district of Tehran and professors of psychology and educational sciences were prestigious universities in the country, which were selected by purposive sampling of 10 teachers and 10 specialists. In a small part of the population considered in this study, all female primary school students in the sixth grade of the 5th district of Tehran in the year 1998-97, 350 of them were selected as a sample and in random clusters. In the qualitative part of the research, a semi-structured interview was used to obtain information and in the quantitative part, a researcher-made questionnaire was used. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed. Factors with very minor changes in exploratory and confirmatory factor analyze using LISREL software and SPSS / 26 were accepted. Findings: The research findings showed that seven main factors namely students' interests and abilities, teacher characteristics, textbook content, learning style, educational space and school facilities, family and management style and principals' attitudes are effective in students' creativity. Conclusion: In general, since the first step in upgrading and improving any structures is to identify the factors affecting it, the findings of the present study help to develop theories of creativity, design of educational interventions, and general policies.
۵.

Explaining the Causal Model of Perceived Competence on Psychological Capital with the Mediating Role of Academic Emotions of Tenth Grade Male Students in the Second Year of High School in Tehran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۸
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the causal pattern of perceived competence on psychological capital mediated by the academic emotions of 10th grade male high school students in Tehran. Methodology: The research method was applied in terms of purpose, quantitative approach, cross-sectional in terms of data collection time and correlational in terms of research method. The statistical population of this study consisted of all tenth grade male students of the second year of high school in Tehran in the academic year 2019-20, from which 510 people were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling. In this study, the tools of perceived competence (De Perna and Elliott, 2000), psychological capital (Lutans, 2011) and academic excitement (Pekrun, et al., 2005) were used, all of which had acceptable validity and reliability. SPSS-V23 and Amos-V8.8 software were used to analyze the data. Structural equation modeling was also used to answer the research hypotheses. Findings: The research findings showed that the model has a good fit. The results showed that perceived competence has an effect on psychological capital in students. Academic excitement affects the psychological capital of students. Perceived competence also affects psychological capital through the mediation of academic emotions. Conclusion: Therefore, it can be said that increasing psychological capital and perceived competence can improve the academic excitement in students.
۶.

Identifying the Factors Effecting on Assessing the Quality of Educational Services in Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۸ تعداد دانلود : ۶۷
Purpose: Considering the role of quality of educational services in the growth and development of society, the present study was conducted to the aim of identifying the factors effecting on assessing the quality of educational services in education. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation was qualitative. The research community included documents related to the quality of educational services and experts in this field including university professors, current and former senior managers and school managers in the seventh district of Tehran education in 2020 year. The research sample included documents and 17 experts according to the principle of theoretical saturation which after reviewing the desired characteristics to inclusion criteria were selected by purposive sampling method. Data were collected by take noting and semi-structured interview methods and to analyze them used from open, axial and selective coding method. Findings: The results showed that for the factors effecting on assessing the quality of educational services were identified 83 open codes in the form of 39 sub-categories and 5 main categories. The five main categories included organization management with 7 sub-categories, organization structure with 9 sub-categories, human resources with 6 sub-categories, comprehensive planning with 9 sub-categories and quality management with 8 sub-categories. Finally, based on the identified categories was designed the conceptual model of research for factors effecting on assessing the quality of educational services in education. Conclusion: The results of this research can help education specialists and planners both to assess the quality of educational services and to improve the quality of educational services in education. As a result, the use of education experts and planners from the conceptual model of current research along with models derived from other research can play an important role in improving the quality of educational services.
۷.

Explaining the Model of Social Responsible Organization from the Perspective of Academic Experts(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۷۸
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to design a model of social responsibility and explain the framework of social responsibility based on the ISO 26000 standard in order to achieve sustainable development from the perspective of academic experts. Methodology: This research is applied in terms of purpose and is descriptive-survey in terms of data collection. The statistical population in this study is faculty members and university experts, who are equal to 1377 people, according to Cochran's formula, 301 faculty members and university experts have been selected by stratified sampling. Also, in the present study, based on the research hypotheses, a researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data. In this study, Cronbach's alpha coefficient method was used to determine the reliability coefficient. The combined reliability and reliability of each of the research components were calculated. The results indicate the reliability of the measurement tool. Findings: The results of research hypotheses indicate that people, goals, technology, organizational structure and environment are the dimensions of socially responsible organization and the components of goals, technology, structure, people and environment have a positive effect on socially responsible organization in Tehran Municipality. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that people, goals, technology, structure and environment have a direct and significant impact on socially responsible organization.
۸.

Modeling of Self-regulation based on Cognitive Flexibility with Mediated Role of Psychological Hardiness in Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۸
Purpose: The aim of present research was determine the modeling of self-regulation based on cognitive flexibility with mediated role of psychological hardiness in students. Methodology: The present study was descriptive, correlational type. The research population was all secondary high school students of Tehran city in academic years of 2019-20, which from them 499 students were selected by step cluster sampling method. Data were collected by self-regulation questionnaire (Bouffard & et al, 1995), cognitive flexibility inventory (Dennis & Vander Wal, 2010) and psychological hardiness scale (Lang & Goulet, 2003) and analyzed by structural equation modeling method in SPSS-22 and Amos-21 software. Findings: The findings showed that the model of self-regulation based on cognitive flexibility with mediated role of psychological hardiness in students had a good fit. Also, cognitive flexibility on psychological hardiness and psychological hardiness on self-regulation had significant direct effect (P<0.001), while cognitive flexibility on self-regulation had not significant direct effect (P>0.05). In Addition, cognitive flexibility with mediated of psychological hardiness on self-regulation had significant indirect effect (P=0.009). Conclusion: Regarded to the results, school counselors and psychologists can via increasing cognitive flexibility and psychological hardiness directly and indirectly led to improve self-regulation of students.
۹.

Designing and Validation of Social Responsibility Model for Employees of Ministry of Education Case Study: Department of Education of Khuzestan Province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۴ تعداد دانلود : ۶۴
Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide a model for social responsibility in education staff. Methodology: The present study was mixed in terms of implementation method (qualitative-quantitative) and applied in terms of research purpose. In the qualitative part of the research, the participants were 29 experts in the field of social sciences and management who were selected by purposive sampling. The research tool was semi-structured interviews and the data were analyzed at three levels of open, axial and selective coding. Professors' critique was used for data validity and agreement coefficient between coders was used for reliability (CVR = 0.86). In the quantitative part, the statistical population was the administrative staff of different departments of Khuzestan province (1350 people) that based on Krejcie and Morgan table, 384 of them was selected as a sample size by simple random sampling method. The research instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire based on qualitative findings and the reliability of the instrument was obtained by Cronbach's alpha test (0.84). Data analysis was performed using Spss19 and Amos24 software which included descriptive and inferential statistics (structural equations). Findings: From the perspective of experts in ethical, economic, legal, strategic responsibility, transparency of presentation and accountability as the main components of social responsibility and the factors affecting it, including staff training, compliance with ethical charters, providing cheap services, organizational standards, financial and extra-financial support, facilitation Needs were commitment and attention to the growth of staff creativity and innovation. Among the components of social responsibility, accountability with coefficient of path (0.85), ethical component with (0.84) and legal component with (0.81) were more important, respectively. Staff training with path coefficient (0.67), commitment (0.63) and observance of social and moral values ​​(0.59) were the most important factors on social responsibility. Conclusion: Important elements of social responsibility are transparency, accountability, and greater commitment to ethical and legal norms, which improve employees’ social responsibility by empowering and strengthening social values.
۱۰.

Presenting Model of Rotation from Centralization to Reducing of Focus on the Field of Formality and Power in Decision-Making of Staff Levels in Education in Tehran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۷ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۳
Purpose: The aim of tis research was presenting model of rotation from centralization to reducing of focus on the field of formality and power in decision-making of staff levels in education of Tehran. Methodology: Present research in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation was quantitative. The study population was the principals and employees of the staff level of education ministry and the principals and teachers of secondary high schools of Tehran city in the academic years of 2018-19, which based on Cochran's formula from them, were selected 440 people by simple random and multi-stage cluster sampling methods. To collect data was used from 37-items researcher-made questionnaire that its content validity was confirmed by experts and the structure validity of instrument was confirmed by factor analysis and its reliability was calculated 0.94 by Cronbach's alpha method. Data were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling methods in SPSS and AMOS software. Findings: The findings showed that the model of rotation from centralization to reducing of focus on the field of formality and power in decision-making had six components of formality, power in decision-making, horizontal communication, delegation of authority, information technology and school-based. Also, the mentioned model had a good fit and all six components of formality, power in decision-making, horizontal communication, delegation of authority, information technology and school-based had a significant direct effect on the rotation from centralization to reducing of focus (P<0.05). Conclusion: Regarded to the results of the present study through improving the components of formality, power in decision-making, horizontal communication, delegation of authority, information technology and school-based can be achieved from centralization to reducing of focus on the field of formality and power in decision-making.
۱۱.

Presenting Model of Empowerment Elementary Period Managers based on Components of Futurology(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۴ تعداد دانلود : ۷۱
Purpose: The present study was conducted aimed to presenting model of empowerment elementary period managers based on components of futurology. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of purpose and combined (qualitative and quantitative) in terms of implementation method. The research population in the qualitative section was the specialists and experts of Tehran city and in the quantitative section were the primary school managers of Tehran city in the academic years of 2019-20. The research sample in the qualitative section was 12 people who were selected according to the principle of theoretical saturation by purposive and snowball sampling methods and in the quantitative section was 270 people who were selected according to the Krejcie and Morgan table by multi-stage cluster sampling method. Data were collected by methods of take noting, semi-structured interviews and researcher-made questionnaire whose face and structure validity of questionnaire were confirmed and its reliability was obtained by Cronbach's alpha method 0.88. Qualitative data were analyzed by open, axial and selective coding methods and quantitative data were analyzed by structural equation modeling in SPSS-25 and LISREL-8.8 software. Findings: The findings of the qualitative section showed that the model of empowerment elementary period managers based on components of futurology had 6 main categories, 20 sub-categories and 85 indicators. The main categories and sub-categories were included transformation management (sufficient cognition of environment, responsibility and organizational health), empowerment (strengthening teachers' careers, applying participatory management and improving relationship between managers and teachers), sense of competence (having the enough motivation, support for managers, flexibility and creative thinking), organizational structure (organizational changes, lack of resources and inadequate distribution and lack of foresight), standardization (applying knowledge management, use of feedback system and modeling) and growth and improvement (foresight, self-efficacy, risk-taking and delegation of authority).The findings of the quantitative section showed that all six main categories had a significant effect on the model of empowerment elementary period managers based on components of futurology and the model had appropriate fitness indicators. Conclusion: Based on the results, the model of empowerment elementary period managers based on components of futurology can have practical implications for education specialists and planners and can be used to improve the structure of education.
۱۲.

Identification and Pathology of Organizational Syndromes in Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۰ تعداد دانلود : ۷۵
Purpose: Present research was conducted aimed to investigate the pathology and ranking of organizational syndromes in Iran education and present its model. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was combined (qualitative and quantitative). The research population in the qualitative section was the documents and texts of education pathology and experts in this field and in the quantitative section were the managers and teachers of Isfahan and Yasuj cities in 2019-20 academic year. The research sample in the qualitative section were 10 people who were selected according to the principle of theoretical saturation by purposive and snowballs sampling methods and in the quantitative section were 375 people who were selected according to Krejcie and Morgan table by multi-stage cluster sampling method according to the proportion of the ratio volume of cities. Data were collected by methods of take noting, semi-structured interview and researcher-made questionnaire whose psychometric indicators were confirmed. The qualitative data were analyzed with methods of open, axial and selective coding and quantitative data were analyzed with methods of exploratory factor analysis, Friedman test and structural equation modeling in MAXQDA-18, SPSS-25 and LISREL-8.8 software. Findings: The findings of the qualitative section showed that in Iran education there were 78 indicators and 17 organizational syndromes including structural alienation, discrimination and politicking, immobility, incompatibility, pressure, structural mastery, explosive, tension and distress, narcissistic, caution, impulsive, non-commitment, neglect, terrorism, group thinking, lack of communication and silence. The findings of the quantitative section showed that in Iran education, respectively the syndromes of narcissistic, lack of communication, discrimination and politicking, group thinking, structural alienation, tension and distress, structural mastery, caution, pressure, terrorism, neglect, immobility, explosive, incompatibility, non-commitment, impulsive and silence had higher rankings. Other findings showed that the organizational syndromes model had a good fit and all of them had a significant effect on organizational syndromes (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to the identified syndromes and their effect, in order to improve the performance and effectiveness of the education organization, can be reduced the negative effect of the syndromes by improving the activities and relationships internal-organization and external-organization.
۱۳.

Psychometric Properties of the Friendship Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ-F) at the Emerging Adulthood(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۶ تعداد دانلود : ۱۴۲
Perpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Friendship Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ-F) in students. Methodology: In a descriptive-correlation and validation study, 216 and 226 graduate students from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad selected through multi-stage sampling method. Data were collected using the Friendship Self-Regulation Questionnaire (Ryan & Connell, 1989), Basic Need Satisfaction in Relationships (LaGuardia, et all, 2002) and Subjective Vitality Scale-State level Version (Ryan & Frederick, 1997). Internal consistency, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and criterion validity were analyzed. Findings: The results showed that the scale had four-factor structure with the variance explained 67.20%. The confirmatory factor analysis was confirmed. The scale had good construction reliability. The criterion validity confirmed in relation to basic need satisfaction in relationships and subjective vitality in friendship (P≤0.01). Conclusion: The Friendship Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ-F) had good internal consistency as well as exploratory and confirmatory validity in students. This questionnaire can be used as a valid instrument in future studies.
۱۴.

Investigating the Relationship Between the learning Organization and the Components of the Organization's Agility Model(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۷ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۲
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the learning organization and the components of the organization agility model in the metal production industries of Kaveh Industrial Town. Methodology: The research method was applied in terms of purpose and mixed in terms of data type. The statistical population of the study consisted of two parts: qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative part includes experts who use the purposeful sampling method and the principle of saturation of 25 people and the quantitative part includes all employees of the metal products industry of Kaveh industrial town, who use the purposeful sampling method with special conditions in mind as 300 people. Sample size was selected. In the qualitative section, the fuzzy Delphi process was used for the relationship between the learning organization and the components of the agility model of the organization, and the interpretive structural model (ISM) was used for the classification and leveling of the agility components. In the quantitative part, the structural equation model was used using Smart PLS software. Findings: The findings showed that the greatest impact on agility by transformational leadership, followed by learning organization, accountability, flexibility, organizational change, information technology and customer satisfaction. Conclusion: The results showed that the factors of information technology, transformational leadership, learning organization, flexibility, responsiveness, organizational change and customer satisfaction are the main structures of the organizational agility model of metal products industries in Kaveh industrial town.
۱۵.

Identifying and Evaluating the Indicators and Dimensions of Psychological Empowerment of the Faculty Members of the Azad University of East Azerbaijan Province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۹۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۵
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and evaluate the indicators and dimensions of psychological empowerment of professors in the faculty members of the Azad University of East Azerbaijan Province. Methodology: Research method in terms of applied purpose; In terms of data collection method, it was descriptive-survey and in terms of data type, it was a combination (qualitative-quantitative) of confirmatory type. The statistical population of the qualitative part of the research were experts familiar with the field of psychological empowerment of professors, and the quantitative part of the statistical population included members of the faculty of the Islamic Azad University of East Azerbaijan Province (450 people). The sample size in the qualitative section was determined using purposive non-random sampling method and the principle of theoretical saturation of 25 people and in the quantitative section using Cochran's formula, 207 people were selected as the sample. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview in the qualitative part and a researcher-made questionnaire in the quantitative part. To ensure the validity of the interview, the triangulation method (three-way) was used. To ensure the reliability of the interview, the recoding method was used and to validate part of the experts' point of view, the content and structure validity was used to assess the validity of the questionnaire, which showed the validity of the instrument. Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient was used to measure the reliability of the interview; Coding, factor analysis and univariate t-test using LISREL software were used to analyze the data. Findings: The results showed that the variables of organizational culture, organizational structure, organizational monitoring system, organizational reward system, organizational management systems had a significant effect on the psychological empowerment of faculty members in the Islamic Azad University of East Azerbaijan Province. Conclusion: Based on the research findings, paying attention to various structural, cultural and managerial factors can enhance the psychological empowerment of professors.
۱۶.

Provide a Comprehensive Model of Human Resource Empowerment for the Social Security Organization(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۹۶ تعداد دانلود : ۱۶۲
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present a comprehensive model of empowerment in the Social Security Organization. Methodology: This research was based on the applied purpose and in terms of quantitative and qualitative research method (mixed) and in terms of data collection was descriptive-survey. The statistical population of the study consisted of two groups of experts and thinkers. The first group consisted of university professors whose field of study and field of study was related to the field of research and the second group included organizational experts with a master's degree or higher with managerial and experimental backgrounds related to human resources in the qualitative section after counting the criteria and indicators extracted. From the theoretical foundations, a researcher-made questionnaire based on the Looshe and Likert spectrum was prepared and after passing the Delphi survey, a conceptual model was extracted. Then, in the quantitative part, exploratory factor analysis method was used to identify the model factors and confirmatory factor analysis method was used to fit the model. In order to check the validity of the questions, purposive sampling method was used among organizational and academic experts, of which 15 people were included as a statistical sample. In the second and third stages of validity of the questions, to strengthen the screening process, the snowball method was used to compile the sample, which after saturating the data of 32 final experts for the exploration section and building a conceptual model participated. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software to cluster the indicators and create research components and Smart PLS software to confirm the research model. Findings: The results of this study identified 11 components and 37 indicators as the most important factors of comprehensive empowerment and showed that individuals will be empowered individually when intra-individual intelligence, creativity-oriented education, psychological self-knowledge, internal performance, knowledge-based decision making and individual self-efficacy. Together, they will be empowered in the collective, team, and organizational spheres when the culture of bureaucracy, internal reward, fundamental self-efficacy, and interactive policy come together. Conclusion: After exploratory factor analysis and component classification, the fit of the model obtained from the previous step was investigated and confirmed with a good fit.
۱۷.

Construction and Standardization of Passion Quotient Test in Elementary Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۹ تعداد دانلود : ۸۷
Purpose: Considering the role and importance of passion in elementary students, the present study was conducted with the aim of constructing and standardizing passion quotient test in elementary students. Methodology: This study was a descriptive from type of correlation. The population of this research was elementary students in District 5 of Tehran city in the academic year of 2019-20, which number of 500 people of them was selected as a sample by multi-step cluster sampling method. For passion quotient was prepared a researcher-made test (20 items) and its psychometric indices were examined. For this purpose, the content validity of the instrument was calculated by opinion experts, its structural validity was calculated by exploratory factor analysis by principal components method and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha and combined methods. For analyze data were used from SPSS-25 and LISREL-8.8 statistical software. Findings: The results showed that the content validity of the instrument was confirmed by opinion experts and its construct validity by factor analysis method indicated the existence of four factors of interest, sensation seeking, focus and intimacy in relationships. The reliability of total and factors of interest, sensation seeking, focus and intimacy in relationships with Cronbach's alpha method were calculated 0.94, 0.88, 0.70, 0.90 and 0.71, respectively and with combined method were calculated 0.96, 0.90, 0.88, 0.91 and 0.83, respectively. Conclusion: Passion quotient test with four factors of interest, sensation seeking, focus and intimacy in relationships had good validity and reliability. Therefore, it can be used to investigate and measure the passion quotient of elementary students to plan to improve their passion and motivation.
۱۸.

Investigating the Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-Esteem and their Receptive Skills across Genders(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۹ تعداد دانلود : ۶۷
Purpose: The present research was conducted to discover the possible relationship between self-esteem and the receptive skills of EFL learners in Iran across genders. Methodology: The design of the study was correlational or ex post facto design. The researchers used three instruments for data collection in the current study. A language proficiency test to measure the participants’ proficiency level, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and finally two tests of listening and reading adopted from Preliminary English Test. To begin the research, in order to clear the language proficiency level of the learners, the researchers gave all learners a language proficiency test in Payame Noor University in Tabriz. After the test, the researchers finally selected 52 candidates whose test scores were between one SD below and above the mean as the homogeneous sample for further data collection. Then they collected some parts of the data from Coopersmith's self-esteem questionnaire to find out the learners’ self-esteem. Finally, they gathered the last part of the data which was the learners’ receptive skills from two tests of listening and reading adopted from PET. With the intention of testing all the research hypotheses, the researchers ran Pearson correlation analysis as the chief statistical analysis. Findings: The Results showed a significant correlation between the self-esteem and reading skill of the learners across genders. Also no relationship could be found between the self-esteem and listening skill of the learners across genders. Conclusion: From the findings, self-esteem had deep-seated and improved positive possessions on reading performances of the learner. But when it comes to listening performance, not self-esteem, but most linguistic knowledge and strategy use, mark the failure or success of a learner. It seems that there are some other factors of which affect the process of listening comprehension
۱۹.

Identifying the Effective Components of HRM for Efficient Labor Capacity at Islamic Azad Universities in the North East of Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۸ تعداد دانلود : ۸۹
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to identify the Effective Components of HRM for Efficient Labor Capacity at Islamic Free Universities in the North East of Iran. Methodology: The scientific model of this research was based on a qualitative interview with the University of Azarbaijan Azad and a selective method of targeting and snowballs. Finally, by referring to the experts, 20 qualitative interviews were conducted and using the Grendard theory to identify the components of human resources management in order to attract the efficient force, the necessity of each of the extracted model components for human resources management for efficient power absorption was investigated. The research was analyzed using coding method in three stages: open, axial and selective. Findings: The results showed that the total number of nodes in non-repetitive codes was 110 in the two HRMs and 38 in the effective recruiting sector, based on the conceptual similarities of the combination of 77 nodes (common codes) in the HR department and 38 in the absorption Effective power has been extracted based on the intuition and understanding of the researchers from the subject and their share in the form of three main components related to human resources management, individual factors, organizational factors, environmental factors and 4 sub-components and efficient absorption in The template has three main components for providing employee information, delegation, payroll and 3 sub-components in the form of Tree nodes were categorized. Conclusion: The main components of human resources management include personal factors, organizational factors, environmental factors, and the three main components of employee awareness trust in employees, and to justify the findings of this research can cite theoretical foundations and previous findings.
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Strategic Planning and Sociology in Improving the Quality of Life and Sustainable Development of Cities in Arid Regions Climates with Emphasis on MICE Tourism using Meta-SWOT and SOAR Techniques(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۴۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۱
Purpose: This study was carried out with the aim of strategic tourism planning in Semnan with emphasis on MICE tourism using Meta SWOT and SOAR techniques. Methodology: The descriptive-analytical method is used in order to conduct this research. The statistical population of the study is divided into three parts. The first part were local residents of Semnan, the second part includes tourists who have considered Semnan as a tourist destination from 2019 to 2020, and third part includes academic elites, managers, staff of tourism part working in different management levels of province. Three-hundred seventy people (three parts) were determined as the statistical sample size using Cochran formula. The method of data collection and analysis of required information is documentary and survey. Meta SWOT and SOAR analytical techniques have been used to formulate the development strategy and explain the goals, resources, capabilities and macro-environmental factors. Findings: According to the obtained results, the most important factors in line with strategic tourism planning in Semnan are government policies, non-responsiveness of infrastructure, increased natural dangers and inflation and economic recession at the macro level. Conclusion: Meta SWOT model is implemented in a program consisting of title window and seven interconnected windows. This tool enables unlimited reviews of inputs, because decision makers change their assessment during a planning activity.
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Exploring the Dimensions and Components of Empowerment and Promoting the Position of Female Educational Managers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۳
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the dimensions and components of empowerment and promote the position of female educational managers. Methodology: The present study was a qualitative research of contractual content analysis. The sample size included 27 written documents related to the research topic and 19 interviews with academic experts, successful educational administrators and senior administrators who were selected by purposive sampling method. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. To analyze interview information and documents; Inductive and content analysis methods were used. Findings: Findings from the analysis of interviews and documents showed components and dimensions to empower and promote the position of female educational managers in the field of information 3 dimensions (general, educational and managerial information), in the field of self-personality 2 dimensions (existential personality) Manager and interpersonal personality), in the political field 2 dimensions (government view and qualification), in the field of management attitude 3 dimensions (human relations management, special knowledge management and performance and efficiency), in the environmental field 4 dimensions (information from the environment, View of society, family and environmental impact) and in the economic sphere there is only one dimension of credit. Conclusion: The results showed that the most important components and dimensions for empowerment and promotion of female educational managers are: information field, personality, political, managerial, environmental and economic attitudes, respectively

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