Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

ranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 4, Number 1 (2021) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

The Effect of Teaching Philosophy to Children on General Health and Anxiety among the Middle School Students in Tehran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۵۶ تعداد دانلود : ۶۶
Purpose: This study was conducted aimed at investigating the effect of teaching philosophy to children on general health and anxiety among middle school students. Methodology: This was an applied study in terms of purpose and a quasi-experimental one, with a pre-test and a post-test and control and experimental groups, in terms of data collection method. The statistical population included the middle school students in District 5 of Tehran during the period 2009-2010, and the sample size was 30 subjects. Subjects were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Sampling was performed using the convenience sampling method. Data collection tools were the Goldberg’s General Health Questionnaire (1972) and the Spitzer’s Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (1983). The experimental group participated in 8 sessions of a 60-minute philosophy training course that was based on the "Philosophy Lesson plans for Children". Data were analyzed using the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: Findings showed indicated that there was a significant difference between the general health scores of the experimental and control groups after teaching philosophy (P <0.01). Conclusion: The results indicated that teaching philosophy to children had a positive effect on their general health and anxiety.
۲.

Designing a Model for Increasing Organizational Justice with the Approach of Cultural Ethical values in Education Staff Mashhad(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۶۵
Purpose: The aim of this research was designing a model for increasing organizational justice with the approach of cultural ethical values in education staff. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of purpose and combined (qualitative and quantitative) in terms of implementation method. The research population in the qualitative section was the management experts of the Islamic Azad University of Neishabour and the managers and deputies of the weekly districts of Mashhad and in the quantitative section were the education staff of the weekly districts of Mashhad in the 2019-20 academic years. The research sample in the qualitative section was 30 people who were selected according to the principle of theoretical saturation by available sampling method and in the quantitative section were 257 people who were selected by stratified random sampling method. Data were collected by methods of phishing, interviews and researcher-made questionnaire whose face validity and structure were confirmed and its reliability was obtained by Cronbach’s alpha method for all dimensions above 0.80. Data of in the qualitative section were analyzed by Delphi method and in the quantitative section were analyzed by descriptive statistical indicators and structural equations in SPSS-26 and AMOS-23 software. Findings: The findings of the qualitative section showed that organizational justice has four components of distributive (4 subscales), procedural (3 subscales), interactive (2 subscales) and linguistic (2 subscales) and cultural ethical values has four components of cultural values (3 subscales), ethical leadership (4 subscales), professional ethics (3 subscales) and ethical Climate (2 subscales). The findings of the quantitative section showed that the components of both factors were confirmed, subscales and components had a significant effect on the model of increasing organizational justice with the approach of cultural ethical values and the model had appropriate fitness indicators. Conclusion: Based on the results, the final model of increasing organizational justice with the approach of cultural ethical values in education staff that this model can have practical implications for education professionals and use it to improve the education organization
۳.

Validation of the Professional Citizen Education Model in Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۹۲ تعداد دانلود : ۸۰
Purpose: The aim of this study was to validate the model of professional citizen education in education. Methodology: The present study was applied in terms of purpose and quantitative in terms of data collection and was conducted using a descriptive survey research method. The statistical population of the study was all line managers and education staff in Khorasan Razavi province in 2019. According to the collected statistics, their number was 12 thousand people and according to Krejcie and Morgan table, 400 people by available sampling method, as a statistical sample. They were selected and answered a 42-item researcher-made questionnaire. Data analysis method Structural equation modeling and Lisrel software were used. Findings: The results of confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis indicated the appropriate fit of the designed model and the results of testing research hypotheses showed social participation training, social demand training, work conscience training, social responsibility training, socio-political awareness, culture Student’s family, culture of friendship groups, culture of society, economic situation of society had a significant effect on the education of concerned students in the field of citizenship, as well as family culture and culture of student friendship groups, education of concerned students, culture of society, The prevailing economic situation of the society had a significant effect on the efforts to reform and improve the society and on the correct education of future generations, and finally the efforts to reform and improve the society and the correct education of future generations had a significant effect on achieving a productive society. Conclusion: According to the research findings, our country’s educational system needs a system of thought, theoretical foundations and clear philosophical and social foundations for the formation of the process of educating professional citizens, based on the needs and foundations and cultural, economic and political conditions of society.
۴.

Biorhythm Management Modeling of Iranian Public School Principals with Fuzzy Delphi Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۱ تعداد دانلود : ۹۹
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to design a biorhythm management model for Iranian public school principals with a fuzzy Delphi approach. Methodology: The design of the present study was qualitative with fuzzy Delphi method. Statistical population, professors of organizational behavior management in universities of Mazandaran province and senior managers of education departments in cities of Mazandaran province were selected and four rounds of fuzzy Delphi technique were performed with their cooperation. This selection and interviewing continued until the theoretical saturation was reached. Using the "rich information" sampling method with 15 professors of organizational behavior management in the universities of Mazandaran province and senior managers of education departments in the cities of Mazandaran province, the required information with semi-structured questionnaires Collected in four rounds. SPSS software was used to analyze the data. Findings: The results showed that the biorhythm management model of Iranian public school principals has four cycles and 28 dimensions of physical cycle (physical) (high mobility and energy, high physical strength, physical endurance and stability, physical weakness (negative), decreased physical ability (negative), inactivity and lethargy (negative), doing useful work and extreme fatigue (negative) ), Emotional cycle (interest in work and life, kindness, immorality and temper (negative), irritability (negative), confusion and mental weakness (negative), love of others, the power of creativity in affairs and mobility in Against the behavior of others (negative), intellectual cycle (mental) (rational) (promotion of intelligence, comprehension and memory, forgetfulness (negative), mental laziness (negative), poor decision-making power (negative), thinking power in affairs , Gaining new ideas and not focusing on personal and work affairs (negative) and intuitive cycle (inner inspiration, strong sixth sense, absorbing negative energy (negative) and attracting the spiritual forces of nature). Conclusion: Investigating the effect of biorhythm and different situations of employees on their job performance is an important issue and should be considered to prevent problems and increase performance, so identifying the explanatory dimensions of biorhythm management among managers of educational organizations, according to their critical tasks, is very important. And it seems necessary
۵.

Designing a Teaching Pattern from Students’ Lived Experiences of the Teaching Process in Universities of Iran (Technical and Engineering Disciplines)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۲ تعداد دانلود : ۳۹
Purpose: The present research aimed to designing a teaching pattern from students’ lived experiences of the teaching process in universities of Iran in technical and engineering disciplines. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation was qualitative from type of phenomenological. The study population consisted of postgraduate and PhD students in technical and engineering disciplines of Australian universities (Melbourne, Monash and Swinburne) in 2018 year who had the experience of studying at the undergraduate and graduate levels in Iran country. The research sample according to the theoretical saturation principle was determined 10 people who were selected by purposive sampling method. Data were collected through semi-structured depth interview method which its validity was confirmed by the method of reconstruction of reality and its reliability was confirmed by conducting interviews in a quiet and unbiased atmosphere and to analyze data used from thematic coding method. Findings: Findings showed that students’ lived experiences of the teaching process in Iranian universities in technical and engineering fields had 197 initial concepts and 38 final concepts in 3 main components: professor (23 concepts), student (7 concepts) and content (8 concepts). Also, based on the concepts and components derived from the students’ lived experiences of the teaching process, the teaching model in technical and professional fields was designed and approved based on the opinion of experts. Conclusion: According to the results, planners and officials to design curriculum and professors to improve their teaching can use the teaching model designed in this research to improve the quality of education in universities.
۶.

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Fernald’s Multisensory Training and Computer Game Training on Dyslexia in Elementary Students with learning Disabilities(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۷ تعداد دانلود : ۶۲
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Fernald’s multisensory training and computer game training on dyslexia in primary school students with learning disabilities in Ahvaz. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of purpose and in an experimental framework (pre-test-post-test design with control group). The statistical population in the present study consisted of all elementary students with learning disabilities in the first and second grade of elementary learning centers in Ahvaz in 2019. The sample consisted of 45 students with learning disabilities in the first and second grade of elementary school. The research instrument included Wexler (1945) dyslexia questionnaire. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and multivariate covariance of Manqua and ANCOA. Findings: The results of data analysis showed that Fernald’s multisensory training reduced dyslexia in elementary students with learning disabilities in the experimental group (1) compared to the control group and training in the use of computer games reduced the dyslexia in elementary students with learning disabilities in the experimental group (2). In comparison with the control group, it was found that there is a difference between the effectiveness of Fernald’ multisensory training and computer game training on dyslexia of elementary students with learning disabilities and Fernald’s multisensory training compared to computer game training in elementary students with dyslexia. Learning disabilities were more effective. Conclusion: As a result, it can be said that Fernald’s multisensory training methods and computer game training reduce the dyslexia of elementary students with learning disabilities and Fernald’s multisensory training is a more effective method to reduce the dyslexia anger of elementary students with learning disabilities
۷.

The Effect of Participative Management and Self-regulation on Conflict Management of Managers with Mediate Role of Spiritual Transcendence(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۵۹
Purpose: The aim of this research was investigate the effect of participative management and self-regulation on conflict management of managers with mediate role of spiritual transcendence. Methodology: The present study is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of implementation, it was descriptive-correlation. The research statistical population was the male and female teachers of one and two districts of Urmia city in 2019-20 academic years. According to the Cochran’s formula, 343 people were selected as the sample by the stratified sampling method based on the service area. The research instruments was the questionnaires of participative management (Feyzi & et al, 2009), self-regulation (Bouffard & et al, 1995), conflict management (Thomas & Kilmann, 1974) and spiritual transcendence (Piedmont, 1999). Data were analyzed with methods of Pearson correlation coefficients and structural equation modeling in SPSS-19 and Smart PLS-3 software. Findings: The findings showed that participative management and self-regulation on spiritual transcendence, and participative management, self-regulation and spiritual transcendence on conflict management had a positive and direct effect. Also, participative management and self-regulation with mediating spiritual transcendence on conflict management had a positive and indirect effect (P<0.05). Studies have shown that the research the model had the fit well. Conclusion: Spiritual transcendence was a good mediator between participatory management and self-regulation with conflict management, so according to the results to improve conflict management of managers can improve the level of their participative management, self-regulation and transcendence through training workshops.
۸.

Constructing of Self-Learning Assessment Tool in the University(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۳ تعداد دانلود : ۸۲
Purpose: Considering the role and importance of self-learning in academic success and performance, the present study was conducted with the aim of constructing of self-learning assessment tool in the university. Methodology: The present study in terms of applied purpose and in terms of how it was performed, it was cross-sectional. The population and sample of the research in the first part were the professors of Islamic State and Islamic Azad universities of Tehran and Gilan provinces in the academic year 2019-2010, from which 60 people were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method. And in the second part, the students were from the same universities, from which 450 people were selected by multi-stage cluster method. Based on literature review and interviews with professors, 91 items were designed in six dimensions: Hitagogic ability, self-regulation, critical thinking, knowledge management, adult education, and learning styles. To evaluate the face and content validity of experts, to evaluate the construct validity by exploratory factor analysis and to evaluate the reliability of Cronbach’s alpha coefficients in SPSS software version 19. Findings: The findings showed that according to experts’ opinion 15 items were removed and the final form of the scale had 76 items. Also, the results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the self-learning assessment scale in the university had six factors of Hitagogic ability, self-regulation, critical thinking, knowledge management, adult education and learning styles that reliability through Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for all factors above 0.70 and for the whole scale was 0.932. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the self-learning assessment scale in the university had appropriate psychometric indices and can be used as a suitable and valid tool in other studies to assess self-learning.
۹.

The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Predicting High-Risk Behaviors Mediated by Welfare School for 14-17 Year Old Girls in Saravan(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۴۴
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of cognitive emotion regulation in predicting high-risk behaviors mediated by the well-being of 14-17 year old girls in Saravan city. Methodology: This research was descriptive and correlational and was conducted by structural equation modeling based on the partial least squares approach. The statistical population included all 14 to 17 year old male students in Saravan in the academic year 2019-20, and 400 of them were selected by random sampling. The collection tools included questionnaires of prevalence of high-risk behaviors Zadeh محمدi (2008), cognitive emotion regulation of Garnefski et al. (2002). The collected data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient in SPSS software and structural equation model by Lisrel software. Findings: Findings from Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is a significant positive and negative correlation between the total score of high-risk behaviors with emotion regulation and school well-being at 99% confidence level, respectively, and the structural equation model shows the indirect effect of high-risk behaviors with emotion regulation with School welfare mediation was significant with a coefficient of 0.78, so it can be said that high-risk behaviors with emotion regulation have a significant relationship with school welfare mediation. Conclusion: According to the research results, the hypothesis that the level of high-risk behaviors in female adolescent students can be predicted based on emotional behaviors and mediation of school well-being was confirmed
۱۰.

Predicting Adolescent Positive Development Based on Self-Regulation, Social Competence and Parental Bonding with Mediating Role of Perception of School Climate(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۰ تعداد دانلود : ۶۲
urpose: The aim of this study was to model the positive development of adolescence based on self-regulation, social competence and parental bond with the mediating role of perception of school atmosphere. Methodology: The research method was correlation based on structural equations. The statistical population included all female high school students in Tehran who were studying in 2019-20. Using cluster random sampling method, 400 students were selected as the research sample. To collect data from the Geldhof Adolescent Positive Development Questionnaire (2014), the Self-Regulatory Questionnaire Moilanen (2007), the Felner Social Competence Questionnaire (1990), the Parker Parental Bonding Questionnaire (1979), and the Trickett & Moos Atmosphere Perception Questionnaire (1973) was used. Data analysis was performed using structural equation method using lisrel and SPSS software. Findings: The results showed that the research has a good fit and the positive development of adolescence can be predicted based on the variables of self-regulation, social competence and parental bond with the mediating role of perception of school atmosphere and the research hypotheses were confirmed. Overall, the results show that to predict the positive development of adolescence, we can emphasize self-regulation, social competence and parental bond with the mediating role of perception of school atmosphere and the obtained model can be used in teaching positive adolescent development. Conclusion: The development of self-regulatory variables, social competence and parental bonding is the best way to prevent problems related to the development of adolescent behavior and promoting these components and their education and improvement can be very effective in forming a positive adolescent development.
۱۱.

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Family Therapy Program Based on Attachment and Emotion on Anxiety Disorder and Behavior of Gifted Adolescents(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۱
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of family therapy program based on attachment and emotion on anxiety disorder and behavior of gifted adolescents. Methodology: The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest design with two experimental groups. From the statistical population of students studying in gifted schools in Tehran, 40 people were randomly selected and randomly assigned to two groups. The research questionnaire included Achenbach (1994) internalization problems. Family therapies based on attachment and emotion was applied for ten sessions of the research groups. Research data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and SPSS software. Findings: The results of repeated measures analysis of variance showed that the post-test scores of anxiety disorder and behavior in the attachment-based family therapy group were significantly lower than the emotion-based family therapy group (P10.001). Couple comparison also showed that the effect of attachment-based family therapy program on anxiety disorder and behavior is stable (p <0.01). Conclusion: The results showed that the effect of attachment-based family therapy was significantly greater than emotion-based family therapy. In addition, attachment-based family therapy has a significant and lasting effect on reducing the behavioral disorders of gifted adolescents. Therefore, in order to improve the mental state and especially the anxiety disorder and behavior of gifted adolescents, an attachment-based family therapy program can be used
۱۲.

The Role of Individual and Collective Components on the Formation of Social Trust in Secondary High School Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۳ تعداد دانلود : ۹۰
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of individual and collective components on the formation of social trust in high school students. Methodology: The present study in terms of applied purpose and in terms of performance, it was mixed (qualitative and quantitative). The research population in the qualitative section was experts, experts and specialists in the field of education and training and in the quantitative section were the principals and deputies of the second secondary school in Tehran in the academic year 2019-20, whose number was 380. The research sample in the qualitative section according to the principle of theoretical saturation were 15 people who were selected by purposive sampling method and in the quantitative section according to Cochran’s formula were 190 people who were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method. To collect data, review of research texts and literature, semi-structured interview and researcher-made questionnaire (110 items) were used. The validity of the interview was confirmed by a review of 10 faculty members and its reliability was calculated by the subject internal agreement coefficient of 0.86. It was obtained from 0.70. Data were analyzed in SPSS and AMOS software by content analysis, factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Findings: Findings showed that in the formation of social trust, two components, individual and collective, played a role. Determination, self-control and collective component had nine dimensions of social commitment, social participation, social support, social respect, and social discipline, loyalty to values, behavioral validity, social development and friendly relations. Conclusion: The results showed that individual and collective components played an effective role in the formation of social trust in high school students
۱۳.

Providing a model of Personal Self-Efficacy for High School Teachers: Grounded Theory Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۷ تعداد دانلود : ۸۶
Purpose: The aim of this study was to present a model of personal self-efficacy of secondary school teachers Methodology: The method of this research was qualitative and the data theory theory paradigm model was used. The statistical population included experts, specialists, officials and experts on education and faculty members in the fields of educational management and psychology, Using purposive sampling method with maximum diversity to achieve theoretical saturation, 21 people were interviewed as semi-structured interviews. For validity and validity of the data, two methods of reviewing participants and reviewing non-participating experts in the research were used. The collected data were analyzed using MAXQDA software during three stages of open coding, axial coding and selective coding. Findings: The findings showed that 27 general categories within the framework of the paradigm model, in three categories of effective planning and evaluation, environmental conditions and respect and motivational and social characteristics of the job (causal conditions), in seven categories of constructive interaction and ethics Teaching skills and teaching competence, decision-making and problem-solving skills, teacher morale and perseverance, classroom management, student involvement and application of teaching methods (central phenomenon of personal self-efficacy of secondary school teachers), in four categories of management style and facilities, Students’ motivation and skills, competitive environment and successful models and characteristics of teachers (background conditions), in four categories: system inadequacy, economic and cultural problems, educational and attitude challenges, and processes and standards (intervening conditions), in five Creating dynamic self-efficacy structures and centers, encouraging and increasing teachers’ skills, improving teachers’ motivation and commitment, and establishing professional systems in education (strategies), in four categories: improving teacher satisfaction and relationships between teachers and students, improving the quality of education and Teaching, reducing burnout and improving mental health, modeling self-efficacy and improving performance (PIA) Mods) has been extracted. Conclusion: Teachers’ personal self-efficacy includes three components: self-efficacy for student engagement, self-efficacy for classroom management, and self-efficacy for teaching strategies
۱۴.

Explaining the Effectiveness of the Model of Established Methods in Autism (Functional Behavior Analysis of ABA, Snozlen, and Dosa) Based on the level of Attention in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۰ تعداد دانلود : ۷۳
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explain the effectiveness of the model of established methods in autism (functional behavior analysis of ABA, Snowlen, and Dosa) based on the level of attention in children with autism spectrum disorder in Tehran. Methodology: The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population of this study was all children with autism spectrum disorder in Tehran in public and private educational and rehabilitation centers in 2018. By available sampling method, 48 people were selected and randomly divided into 4 intervention groups by applied behavior analysis method. , Snozelen, dosa and control group were divided. Data were collected based on the Connors Scale Scale (Parent Form) (1999), a modified review checklist, and the Wechsler intelligence test. Descriptive and inferential statistical methods and multivariate analysis of covariance were used to eliminate the pretest effect using SPSS software was used. Findings: The results showed that all three methods of functional behavior analysis of ABA, Snozlen and Dosa had a significant effect on increasing attention compared to the control group. Also, ABA applied behavior analysis method had a greater effect on improving attention in the three measurement stages than the other two experimental groups. Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that the use of these interventions and educational programs as a method in improving and rehabilitating children with this disorder is useful, so the use of this method is recommended. The results showed that the difference between the analysis of functional behavior of ABA, Snozlen and Dosa with the control group was significant at the level of 0.05, so it can be said that all three methods of functional behavior analysis of ABA, Snozlen and Dosa compared to the control group had a significant effect on increasing attention.
۱۵.

Develop a Model of Educational leadership Based on the Teachings of Islam(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۲ تعداد دانلود : ۶۵
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop an educational leadership model based on the teachings of Islam. Methodology: The present study was fundamentally-applied and in terms of data collection method, it was a mixed (qualitative-quantitative) exploratory research. The statistical population in the qualitative part of the research was Islamic experts who using purposive sampling method, 12 people were selected as the sample size. In the quantitative part, the statistical population included all principals and deputies of non-governmental schools in Tehran, of which 281 were selected using stepwise cluster random sampling and Cochran’s formula. Data were collected by two methods: information was collected by referring to the Quran, Nahj al-Balaghah, Imam Sajjad’s treatise on law and sufficient principles) and field (researcher-made questionnaire). The validity and reliability of the instrument were evaluated and confirmed in two parts: quantitative and qualitative. The collected data were analyzed in the qualitative part by meta-combined method using MAXQDA coding software and in the quantitative part by confirmatory factor analysis using Lisrel-V8.8 software. Findings: The results showed that among 112 indicators, three dimensions and twelve components are involved in developing a model of educational leadership based on the teachings of Islam, which are: the dimension of religiosity with the components of religiosity and divine help; The dimension of self-balance: the components of self-discipline, wonder-breaking and dignity-enhancing; The dimension of labor relations: components of organizational leadership, responsibility, trust building, heart writing, tolerance, participation, and central justice. Conclusion: The findings also showed that the model had a good fit.
۱۶.

Presenting a Model of Self-handicapping Based on Time Perspective and Intelligence Beliefs mediated by Academic Self-efficacy in Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸۰
Purpose: This research was conducted with the aim of presenting a model of self-handicapping based on time perspective and intelligence beliefs mediated by academic self-efficacy in students. Methodology: Present study was cross-sectional from type of correlation. The research population was all secondary high school students of Tehran city in 2019-20 academic years. The sample size was considered 400 people who were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method. The research tools were the revised self-handicapping scale (Jones & Rhodewalt, 1982), time perspective questionnaire (Zimbardo & Boyd, 1992), intelligence beliefs scale (Abd-El-Fattah & Yates, 2006) and academic self-efficacy scale (Jinks & Morgan, 1999). Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling method in SPSS-25 and Amos-23 software. Findings: The findings showed that the model of self-handicapping based on time perspective and intelligence beliefs mediated by academic self-efficacy in students had a good fit. Also, time perspective and intelligence beliefs had a direct and positive effect on academic self-efficacy and time perspective, intelligence beliefs and academic self-efficacy had a direct and negative effect on self-handicapping. In addition, time perspective and intelligence beliefs with mediated by academic self-efficacy had an indirect and negative effect on self-handicapping (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, planning is necessary to reduce students’ self-disability which for this purpose, school counselors and psychologists can improve their time perspective, intelligence beliefs and academic self-efficacy through workshops
۱۷.

A Comparative Study of Media Literacy Curriculum Policy in the Education System of Developed Countries and Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۷ تعداد دانلود : ۲۲۳
Purpose: The aim of this study was a comparative study of media literacy curriculum policy in the educational system of leading countries and Iran. Methodology: The approach of the research was qualitative approach and the method used in it was comparative-analytical method. The research population in this study included all valid scientific documents, including books, articles in specialized journals related to media literacy, from which the works related to the subject were selected using purposive sampling method and appropriate to the research objectives of the case. Were analyzed and data were collected by documentary method, Descriptive analysis method was used in data analysis. Based on the research question, a framework for data analysis was considered. Based on this framework, the required data from available resources were selected, organized, and then their similarities and differences were identified and compared and interpreted. Findings: Based on the results of this study, the concerns and views on content, necessities and goals of media literacy in different countries are largely similar and educational planners try to maintain their cultural identity in the use of different media. . The results also showed that media literacy has been considered as one of the most effective monitoring tools in the countries. Also, according to the results of the research, the most important differences between the selected countries and Iran in this regard was that the goal of these countries is to institutionalize the media literacy curriculum in an organized manner and in the form of codified policies and long-term plans, but in Iran. Although this issue has been emphasized in the upstream documents, due to the lack of sufficient infrastructure, lack of culture appropriate to the age of technology and teachers not being familiar with this knowledge, these conditions have not been provided and implementation in schools has been unsuccessful. Several years of implementation have not yet led to a successful indigenous approach and model for implementing this skill in schools. Conclusion: The results showed that the concerns and views on the content, necessities and goals of media literacy in different countries are largely similar and educational planners try to maintain their cultural identity in the use of different media.
۱۸.

Designing a Suitable Leadership Model to Achieve New Missions of Higher Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۹ تعداد دانلود : ۵۶
Purpose: Considering the role of leadership in achieving the education missions, present research done with the aim of designing a suitable leadership model to achieve new missions of higher education. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation was exploratory combined (qualitative and quantitative). The research population in the qualitative part was the higher education experts and in the quantitative part were the personnel of Islamic Azad University of Tehran province in 2018-19 academic years. The research sample in the qualitative part according to the theoretical saturation principle were estimated 13 people who were selected by purposive sampling method and in the quantitative part according to Cochran’s formula were estimated 385 people who were selected by cluster random sampling method with respect to classes (number of staff in universal branches). To collected data in the qualitative part used from interview and in the quantitative part used from researcher-made questionnaire (51 items) which the its content validity was confirmed by experts and its convergent validity by average variance extracted indicator was confirmed and its reliability was obtained by Cronbach’s alpha method 0.84. To analyze data were used from methods of open, axial and selective coding and exploratory factor analysis in SPSS-22 software. Findings: The findings of the qualitative part showed that suitable leadership had 79 concepts, 63 categories and 7 dimensions and new missions of higher education dad 20 concepts, 15 categories and 3 dimensions. The findings of the quantitative part showed that the suitable leadership model to achieve new missions of higher education had 51 indicators or items and 15 components. Also, a suitable leadership model to achieve new missions of higher education was designed and approved by experts. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, higher education specialists and planners can design and implement programs to realization the new missions of higher education.
۱۹.

The Role of Informal Learning and Organizational Learning Capacity in Learning Motivation and Professional Ethics of Faculty Members in the Eastern Azerbaijan Universities(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the role of informal learning and the organizational learning capacity in learning motivation and professional ethics of faculty members in the Eastern Azerbaijan ′s Universities. Methodology: It used survey approach. Statistical population included 2500 individuals of faculty members in Eastern Azerbaijan from which 400 people were selected using random sampling. Data was collected using four standard questionnaires. To analyze data and examine the relationships of the variables, correlation method and stepwise regression were used. Findings: Results showed a positive and significant correlation between informal learning variables and learning motivation and professional ethics. Also, a positive and significant correlation was found between organizational learning capacity, learning motivation, and professional ethics. Maximum correlation coefficient belonged to informal learning and learning motivation (r=0.73). Based on the findings, the regression model for predicting learning motivation and professional ethics through informal learning and learning capacity is significant. Conclusion: Regarding the findings, it can be concluded that any increase in informal learning and organizational learning capacity is associated with increased academic motivation and professional ethics; hence, attention to informal learning and learning capacity in East Azarbaijan universities It can be of great importance in increasing the learning motivation and professional ethics of the faculty members of the universities of East Azarbaijan.
۲۰.

The Relationship between School Culture and Social Climate Governing School with Academic Ethics and the Mediating role of learners’ Academic(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶ تعداد دانلود : ۷
Purpose: This research was conducted with the aim of studying the relationship between school culture and social climate governing school with academic ethics and mediating role of educational buoyancy. Methodology: The present study is descriptive, cross-sectional, purposeful, applied, and essentially a descriptive survey. It has been surveyed by a questionnaire. The statistical population of the study was all boys' high school students in Bojnourd city who were 5172 people. Of these, 382 were selected by relative sampling according to the Morgan table for participation in the research. The research tools consisted of Alessandro and Sadh School Culture (1997), Social Psychosocial Class Questionnaire (Frazer, Giddings and McBurby, 1995), Educational Buoyancy Questionnaire (Hossein Chari and Dehghanizadeh, 2012), and Educational Ethics Questionnaire (Golparvar, 2010). The validity of the instrument was of formal and content type, while its reliability calculated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient for school culture questionnaire turned out to be 0.939, Psycho-social 0.84, academic buoyancy 0.837 and academic ethics 0.869. Data were collected from questionnaires using descriptive statistics (frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation and calculation of central indicators and dispersion); to find the results of the research hypotheses, inferential tests including multiple regression analysis was employed using SPSS software (version 19). Also to test the validity of the theoretical model and calculate the effect coefficients Structural Equation Modeling Method with Lisrel 8.8 software was used. Findings: The results showed that there is a relationship between school culture and social climate governing school with students' academic ethics. There is also a relationship between school culture and students' academic buoyancy. Also, academic buoyancy has a mediator role in relation to school culture and students' academic ethics (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The findings show that there is a relationship between school culture and students’ educational ethics, so by upgrading and strengthening school culture, students' academic ethos will be consolidated. Also, school culture has a positive and significant effect on the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and communication.
۲۱.

Providing a Model of Effective Components on Assessment the Quality of Educational Services in Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effective components on assessment the quality of educational services in education and provide a model for it. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The research population was articles of related to research and management experts in the field of educational services in Tehran, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation, number of 10 people of them were selected as the sample by purposive sampling method. The research tool was a semi-structured interview that lasted 30 to 45 minutes for each person and its structure and internal validity and its external reliability was confirmed. Data were analyzed with coding method in NVIVO software version 10. Findings: According to the analysis, the main theme of assessment the quality of educational services in education had 44 free themes in the form of 9 sub-themes including research activities, teachers, curriculum, school physical environment, learning resources, learning process, cultural-religious activities, cultural activities and sports activities. Conclusion: According to the results, to improve the quality of educational services in education can be done by improving the sub-themes and free themes of each of them until provide a basis for improving and promoting the education system.

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