Purpose: The present quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate the effect of education of Sternberg’s components of love (passion, intimacy, commitment) on intimacy of couples. Methodology: Twenty teacher couples from Zarqan, Iran, who had been married for more than 4 years were recruited through convenience sampling and randomized to intervention and control groups (10 each). The Marital Intimacy Questionnaire (MIQ) was used for date collection, and analysis of covariance and independent t test were used for data analysis. Findings: Mean differences in scores for global intimacy, affection, intimacy, openness, and consensus between the two groups were significant. Also, the results show that the training of components of love significantly improved intimacy problems between the couples However, no significant effect of training program was observed for affection. Discussion: training of Sternberg’s components of love positively affects the couples’ intimacy. Self-expression skills have helped participants to better understand the sources of stress, needs, and desires, enabling them to effectively resolve their issues.
Purpose: The present study has been carried out with the aim of considering the relationships among the invitational education, social constructive classroom learning environment and their components in Iran Bojnourd Islamic Azad University. Methodology: The research method in this study is descriptive and correlation. The research population is comprised of all the male and female students studying at Islamic Azad University in the academic year of 2016-2017. The research sample includes 385 students, selected through multi-stage random sampling. The research instruments are (a) Invitational Education Survey (Amos, Purkey, Tobias 1984) and (b) Social Constructive Learning Environment Survey (USCLES; Tylor, Fraser & Fisher 1996). The data are analyzed using descriptive statistics, step by step regression analysis. Findings: The results show that Invitational Education social constructive classroom learning environment does not have favorite status in this University. The result also shows that there are relationships among Invitational Education and social constructive classroom learning environment and their components in the actual and preferred forms. The result also shows that the two components (Relevance and leadership) of the constructive learning environment (actual form) have the ability to predict 12 percent of the variability in the invitational teaching (actual form). Also three components (leadership, Reflective Thinking and Negotiation) of the constructive learning environment (preferred form) have the ability to predict 31 percent of variability in the invitational teaching. Discussion: The relationship between the invitational education and social constructivism is based on common principles for improving the learning and perception of the environment.
Purpose: Technologies in general and media in particular influence their audience through their form and content. There are many studies about the role and effect of classic media on values change; however, few studies have explored new emergent media such as social networks. The aim of this descriptive-survey research is to investigate how time spent on social network and social network addiction is related to value system of students. Methodology: Statistical population consisted of all students studying at higher education institutes in Bojnord during 2015-16 academic years. A sample of 229 students was selected using cluster-random sampling. Data was analyzed using SPSS 19 software. Findings: Findings revealed a negative significant relationship between the use of social network and social network addiction on the one hand, and the value system of students on the other hand. This finding held true for religious, cultural, political and social components of the value system, except for economic component. Discussion: According to these findings, higher education should pay greater attention to promoting media literacy of students.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze and explain the foundational foundations of the Iranian national curriculum, with emphasis on the concept of morality and the presentation of the "conceptual-moral model" of the program. Methodology: The ethical model elaborated in this paper is a model of evaluation and development of national curriculum, which is applied by the method of analytical-document research in the context of conceptual deduction of the main and semantic foundations of "ethics" based on the analysis of the cognitive value of the national curriculum based on school standards Islamic Realism is formed. Findings: What is conceived as a logical criterion in the model implies that the "concept of morality" in the image of man, the world, and God, in terms of the values involved in the construction of a national curriculum. This "ethical-educational approach" is based on: - the need to emphasize ethical commitment at school, this should be done in teacher education and in school, and this is a topic that needs to be further explored. - Emphasizing the continued practice of the Qur'anic ethics for Children, adolescents, young people and adults on the path to human dignity. Discussion: The need to emphasize the reality of "interpreting ethical values from different perspectives" and the system of common national values. - The need to promote spiritual and moral development in school and society. - Establishment for value Putting on the value and truth of man, the world and God
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Fordeys Happiness Training on improving the quality of life of women in Pars Special Economic Zone employees according to their religious attitude. Methodology: The research method is semi-experimental with two groups testing using pretest and post-test. The statistical population of this research was all the women who were in the staff of the Pars Special Economic Zone, who, due to the diversity of the community, examined a special block. The number of female housewives in this block was 280, of which 80 were selected through Cochran's formula by simple random sampling and randomly divided into two equal experimental and control groups. After conducting a pre-test of quality of life and religious attitude that based on the results of both test and control groups divided into two strong and weak religious groups, the Happiness Program was performed for 14 sessions of 2 hours for the experimental group and then the test Quality of life was taken from both groups. Findings: Findings show that there is a significant relationship between happiness education and quality of life of women and their religious attitudes. This means that there is a significant difference between the strong and weak religious attitudes group and people with strong religious attitudes have a better quality of life with physical, psychological, social and environmental components than those with a weak religious attitude. Discussion: Happiness is one of the most important human needs, which has a major impact on the formation of personality and mental health.
Purpose: The present paper aimed to present a suitable model of cultural diplomacy based on elite capacity. Methodology: The statistical population included the scientific elite, including professors, students, Executive and cultural managers of universities and the selected institutions and departments, including 4500 people, who was studying in the academic year of 2016-2017, of whom 354 people were selected based on the Kerjeci and Morgan tables, in Simple and randomized stratified method. The extracted components and sub-components, after reviewing the documents of theoretical foundations and factor analysis, the matrix of the research components was examined for the panel of experts and the research components, in terms of naming fitness. Findings: The results of the data analysis showed 6 components were extracted, among which, the components of setting up elite activity space, the utilization of the elite idea's capacity, the fitting of the elite presence based on the cultural diplomacy of the country, in the field of elite capacity and multi-dimensional valuation components of cultural diplomacy of the country, the cultural valuation of cultural diplomacy of the country, and the scientific-expert evaluation of the cultural diplomacy of the country, were included in the field of cultural diplomacy and the model was also drawn and the GFI model was calculated equal to 0.937 and verified. In addition, among these six factors, 5 factors are in a favorable situation, according to the calculated mean (3.90), (3.188), (3.14), (0104), (3.185), and (3.778) and being larger than average of population (3) and the elite presence fitting component had a lower utility than other components, based on cultural diplomacy of the country. Discussion: the structure and set of cultural laws of the country were in a favorable situation in line with the use of elite capacity
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present a model of competency management for organizational agility in Islamic Azad University of Tehran. Methodology: The statistical population in the qualitative section, the professors of Islamic Azad University of Tehran, number 20 and in the small department, directors and deputies of units, directors and deputies of faculties, faculty members and faculty members of Islamic Azad University in Tehran, 4134 people were selected. In the qualitative section, the purposeful sampling method, considering the saturation law, was 10, and in the quantitative section, using stratified random sampling method, and based on the Cochran formula, 352 Selected as samples. To collect data three dimensions of "individual, organizational and social" and organizational agility questionnaire with 48 questions and 16 components were used. Findings The results showed that competency management has three dimensions (individual, organizational and social). A person's dimension has seven components (decision making, knowledge and information, personality traits, service, accountability, beliefs and ethical values, and attitude and insight), an organizational dimension with eight components (leadership competence , Planning, monitoring and control, setting goals and strategies, technology, customer orientation, change management, crisis management) and social dimension has five components (workgroup, networking, behavior in relationships, inter-organizational, external).Among dimensions of competency management, organizational dimension with factor load of 0/894 has the most impact and in the first rank and social dimension with factor load of 0 706 has the least effect and in the last rank. Discussion: The results of structural equation test showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between competency management with organizational agility.
Purpose: Most couples face communication problems in their marital life. Disturbing relationships have devastating effects on their physical and social performance. Methodology: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of communication imaging therapy (IMG therapy) with acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on the mental health of couples. Method: The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test, after-test, control and follow-up two months. The statistical population of this study consisted of all couples referring to counseling centers located in 6th district of Tehran in 1965-96. By using available sampling, 90 people were randomly selected and randomly assigned to three groups of 30 people. They responded to the Mental Health Questionnaire in three stages (Goldberg, 1972). The groups received 8 sessions of Ninety-minute training in association with treatment and admission therapy (ACT), and did not receive an interventional control. Findings: The results showed a significant decrease in the mental health score in the experimental group compared with the control group in the post-test and follow up stage. Since the implementation of the intervention training of communication imaging therapy therapy (EMG) with acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) Mental health of couples is influential. Discussion: these couple therapy approaches can be used as a useful strategy for creating coherence and creating a conscious relationship to the interaction of mental elements to improve couples' relationships.
Purpose: In 2007, a responsible management education program began working on a global scale at the United Nations. This program is a framework for changing curriculum, research and orientation, and experimenting with new educational methods. The program seeks to create social responsibility among graduates of the educational system. The conditions for regulating affairs through social commitment, which is one of the important pillars of your social system, can create a discipline in society and provide predictive power. Social commitment is a factor for the satisfaction of the mutual needs of the community as well as social solidarity. The purpose of this paper is to identify the components of responsible management education and to examine educational practices and provide responsive instructional solutions to improve the status quo. Methodology: In this paper, the Atrid-Sterling (2001) method used to analyzing the subject in deductive approach. Findings: The research environment included 46 papers from 2007 to 2017, a book, and a thesis addressing directly the subject of management education. Findings of this study based on the six principles of responsible management education (purpose, values, method, research, participation, dialogue). Discussion: These findings include 16 themes organizer. they named (student initiatives, promotion of curriculum, the use of value concepts in the training course, institutional solutions, evaluation, infrastructure, training procedures, internal support, research results, participation with industries, participation with industrial universities, participation with the private sector, participation with learners, participation with other organizations, Communication tools and selection methods) as well as 48 basic themes.
Purpose: The present article aims to examine the effect of media on students' mental and psychological health in the process of culture-building by the Baharestan TV of Tajikistan. Methodology: The study has been carried out by providing examples such as visual culture, media philosophy, child TV and culture-building. This research studies the culture-building practices of Baharestan TV and generally examined whether Baharestan TV has a fundamental philosophy underlying the appropriate culture-building practices of student's television, and how is the effect of this medium on mental and psychological health of student audiences. Findings: This study has used the Persian, English, Tajik and Russian books on student's television, an interview with the staff and the management of Baharestan TV, watching this TV, and watching about 14 months of Baharestan TV programs in 2012 and 2013. 6 months out of these 14 months were analyzed and a researcher-made questionnaire has been used to measure the effect of Baharestan TV on Persian-speaking students of Iran, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. The programs of Baharestan TV, the face-to-face interviews, the researcher's analysis, and the comparison with successful models indicate that this TV is not sufficiently expert as a student TV. Discussion: Due to the fact that the Russian or American programs are widely used in the Baharestan TV of Tajikistan by and there are limited programs with native and Islamic culture, student audiences are faced with identity crisis.
Purpose: Today, women's participation in economic and business activities, along with the evolution of their employment, has created fundamental changes in their traditional role. The purpose of this research is to examine the women's semantic understanding of their developmental experiences at senior management positions in higher education institutions using a qualitative research methodology in narrative studies. For this purpose, an in-depth interview was used to access narratives. Methodolgoy: The research participants comprise 20 women in senior management posts in Tehran's higher education institutions who were selected through purposive sampling. The findings of the study, using the method of thematic analysis, have identified the factors that promote women's development in senior management positions in three themes: individual, organizational and socio cultural, and five themes of growth and training and family, personal characteristics, attitudes of employees and officials, community attitudes.Findings: The findings of the study, have identified the factors preventing women's development in senior management positions in three main themes of individual, organizational and cultural-social and seven themes of growth and training and education, family, personal characteristics, discrimination, attitudes of employees and officials, community attitudes, cultural stereotypes. Conclusion: Research shows that successful women leaders have unique a self-concept that allows them to overcome traditional gender boundaries.
Purpose: One of the indicators of economic development in the countries is the participation of citizens. One of the most important issues is the participation of citizens in paying taxes. Methodology: In this research, a model for promoting popular participation in paying taxes at the Tehran Tax Administration has been addressed. This study was carried out in combination; in the qualitative section, a sample of 20 individuals was deliberately targeted at experts in the field. The qualitative tool in the research was a semi-structured interview and a small tool for a researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population of this study is 384 attendants and 254 employees of the General Directorate. A random sampling method was used. According to the opinion of the professors, the tool was selected through the implementation of 30 questionnaires and the determination of Cronbach's alpha The research used in this study was exploratory factor analysis, T test, Factor Factor Analysis and Verifiable Factor Analysis, which was performed using SPSS software and Lisrel software and MonteCarloPCA program and structural equation modeling technique (SEM). Findings: The research findings show that in this study 8 factors have been discovered to increase the participation and its model has been extracted and approved by the experts. Among these factors, technological and economic have the highest value and have been introduced as the most important factor for promoting participation. Discussion: these couple therapy approaches can be used as a useful strategy for creating coherence and creating a conscious relationship to the interaction of mental elements to improve couples' relationships.
Purpose: This research is aimed at The effect of social skills training philosophy, beliefs and tolerance of ambiguity in the junior high school students was conducted. The aim of the present study, the use and the collection of data for quasi-experimental, pretest and post-test with group The control and testing Respectively. Methodology: The statistical population consists of all Secondary school students of Tehran Region 3 in the first semester of the academic year 98-1397 Was (N = 6500) A sample of 30 patients were considered for sampling random cluster sampling was used. Data were collected, Wells' metacognitive beliefs questionnaire (1997), the ambiguity tolerance questionnaire that Lin (1993), Matson Social Skills Inventory (1983) and a philosophy training course for the group Experiment for 13 sessions 60 min. That by "design philosophy lessons for children" was formulated participated. To analyze data Statistical analysis of covariance analysis Was used. Findings: The results obtained showed that social skills training philosophy, beliefs and tolerance of ambiguity impact There. Apply this training method Improve social skills, beliefs and was ambiguity tolerance. Conclusion: So you need to improve social skills, beliefs and tolerance of ambiguity that the purpose of their business flourish of mental Is used and useful means of teaching philosophy in the educational system, he said.
Purpose: The notion of “gender segregation” in the universities has often been challenged with different concurring and opposing theories. The issue has been further highlighted in Farhangian University. Although all the qualifiers in this university, prior to and during admission process, have been cognizant of such gender segregation, some elicit resistive responses pursuant to admission and passing some semesters, and then they present their commentary on the relevant implications. The present research seeks to investigate the consequences to gender segregation form the students’ perspective. Methodology: By applying a semi-standard interview and a purposive-qualitative procedure, an in-depth interview was performed on 33 students studying at least 5 semesters in the university, and the interview was terminated based on theoretical saturation. For data analysis, grounded theory was applied. Finding: The research findings were divided into 18 principal categories, and the category “dubiety (Tashkik, in Islamic Terminology) over gender segregation” was semantically reconstructed. The consequences of the dubiety were categorized in the two groups including consensus and inconsistent (i.e. contradictory) consequences. Conclusion: In the end, the research findings were presented in the form of a researcher-made model.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to design and validate the questionnaire of organizational factors affecting the transfer of learning to the workplace in Islamic Azad Universities of the west of Iran. Methodology: The method of data collection was mixed of sequential exploratory design type. Qualitative data was collected through semi-structured interview with 15 people including faculty members and specialists of training and human resource development who were selected through purposive sampling of theoretical and snowball sampling type. The analysis of qualitative data was carried out through grounded theory method. In quantitative section, researcher-made questionnaire was investigated by 11 experts and its relative content validity was calculated. In this way, the validity of the questionnaire was verified by the specialists and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha (0/873). Afterwards, the final version was distributed among 309 employees from the universities. To validate the designed tool, confirmatory factor analysis was used. SPSS and Lisrel software were used for this purpose. Finding: In the qualitative section, 25 components were identified which were presented in paradigmatic model template including 6 dimensions; causal conditions, core phenomenon, context conditions, intervening conditions, strategies and consequences. The quantitative stage results showed that fit indices, factor loads and t-values obtained from each criterion were fit and the 6 main dimensions and their factors had the ability to explain the variable of learning transfer. Conclusion: The organizational factors, especially organizational culture, have an important place in learning transfer due to their role as facilitator and stimulator.
Purpose: The purpose of this research is to design a model and accreditation of the organizational health. Methodology: The research method was applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of data type. The statistical population of the study consisted of the university experts and senior managers of Tehran municipality. Ten people were selected using purposeful sampling method and saturation principle as the sample. The interview with the experts indicated that the interview was valid, Reliability method between two encoders was used to calculate the reliability. Findings: The results indicated that the interview was valid and reliable. Content analysis was used to analyze the research data. The results of the research showed that the organizational health pattern in the municipality included the bonus components, flexibility, job commitment, successor planning, trust, effective relationships, comprehensive leadership, work-life balance, environment perspective, teamwork, specific system, developing the skills and competencies, clear vision and job success. Conclusion: With the regard to the mechanisms, facilitators and barriers ahead, a general model was presented for the organizational health.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the design of a model based on the impact of information technology on the empowerment components of professors with mediating role of social resilience in the Payame Noor University of Mazandaran province. The research method was descriptive-correlational. Method: The statistical population of this research included all professors (scientific and invited) in Payame Noor University of Mazandaran (2539 people). In this study, 280 people were selected as the sample from three branches of Mazandaran Payame Noor University using randomized cluster method. Three standard questionnaires used as the measurement instruments in this research were Ghasemi’s information technology questionnaire, Spreitzer’s empowerment questionnaire, and Connor and Davidson’s resilience questionnaire. In the descriptive statistics part, plotting charts and calculating the statistical indices were used to describe the hypotheses. Structural equation modeling test was used to analyze the data. The data were analyzed using SPSS22 and Amos software. Results: The findings of this research indicated that the design of the model based on information technology influences the empowerment components of professors with mediating role of social resilience in the Payame Noor University of Mazandaran province and all the paths of the effect of the exogenous variables on endogenous variables and endogenous variables on exogenous variables are significant at the level of a = 0.05. Also, all direct and total effects of the endogenous and exogenous variables were significant (p0.05), and all indirect effects of the exogenous and endogenous variables on the endogenous variables were significant. In the final model of information technology and faculty empowerment variables, the highest path coefficient was for the path from information technology to faculty empowerment (0.72) and then from the components of faculty empowerment to resilience (0.71). Conclusion: Information technology and mediating empowerment components have a resilient effect on empowerment components and have shown their mediating role well.
Introduction: Students from any country are considered as intellectual and spiritual resources of the country and their issues and problems are important for successful study and providing their physical and mental well-being. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Spiritual Health and Self-Awareness with Positive-Thinking in second-grade female high school students of district one of Tehran city. Methodology: The present study was a descriptive (correlational) one in terms of method and an applied one in terms of the purpose. The statistical population of the present study was second-grade female high school students of district one of Tehran city in the academic year of 2017-2018. The sample of the study was 100 students who were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. Data collection was done by Self-Awareness Questionnaire by Fenigstein, Scheier & Buss (1975), Self-Awareness Questionnaire by Oxford Argyle (2001), and Psychological Well-being Questionnaire by Pulotsin and Ellison (1982). For statistical analysis, the mean and standard deviation of descriptive statistics and multivariate regression were used at the level of inferential statistics and the correlation coefficient was used using SPSS22 software at a significance level of 0.05. Findings: The results showed that the relationship between Spiritual Health and Self-Awareness with Positive-Thinking was significant in the female high school students in Tehran city, so that these two variables had the ability to predict Positive-Thinking and were able to explain Positive-Thinking variable to 14.4 percent (P <0.01). Conclusion: Self-awareness and its role in Spiritual Health showed that self-awareness was related to mental and physical well-being.